Adhesion

Definition

noun

(physics, chemistry) The force of attraction between unlike molecules, or the attraction between the surfaces of contacting bodies.

(cell biology) The binding of a cell to another cell, or a cell to a surface, via specific cell adhesion molecules.

(anatomy, pathology) A fibrous band of scar tissue that binds together normally separate bodily structures.


Supplement

Adhesion may refer to the joining of two different substances due to attractive forces that hold them. For instance, cohesion causes water to form drops and adhesion keeps the water drops on the surfaces of leaves and flowers in place.

Adhesion may also refer to the binding of a cell to another cell, such as a malarial protozoan cell (Plasmodium falciparum) binding to a liver cell via cell adhesion molecule called the circumsporozoite protein.

Adhesion also refers to the fibrous bands that form between tissues and organs, often as a result of injury during surgery.


Word origin: Latin adhaesiō, adhaesiōn-, from adhaesus, past participle of adhaerēre, to adhere.

Compare: cohesion

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