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Adenosine triphosphate




(1) A nucleotide with an empirical formula of C10H16N5O13P3

(2) An organic compound that is composed of adenosine (an adenine ring and a ribose sugar) and three phosphate groups, hence, the name.


ATP is a nucleotide that contains a large amount of chemical energy stored in its high-energy phosphate bonds. It releases energy when it is broken down (hydrolyzed) into ADP (or Adenosine Diphosphate). The energy is used for many metabolic processes. Hence, ATP is considered as the universal energy currency for metabolism.

ATP is produced via cellular respiration in the mitochondria and photosynthesis in chloroplasts.

Its functions are for intracellular energy transport for various metabolic processes including biosynthetic reactions, motility, and cell division. It is also used as a substrate by kinases that phosphorylate proteins and lipids, and by adenylate cyclase to produce cyclic AMP.

Abbreviation: ATP.
Compare: AMP, ADP.
See also: cellular respiration.

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Maximum Life Span of Animals, Fishes and Birds.

... well as a monosaccharide (glucose, galactose, fructose etc) to create adenosine triphosphate (ATP). This does, however, cause the release of free radicals, which can damage ...

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by Squirrell
Wed Feb 15, 2012 2:07 am
Forum: Zoology Discussion
Topic: Maximum Life Span of Animals, Fishes and Birds.
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Views: 10299

I want you like X wants Y type sentences

Or I want to couple with you like Pyruvate Kinase wants to couple with Adenosine Triphosphate hydrolysis.

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by billyfisher100
Mon Jan 23, 2012 6:46 pm
Forum: General Discussion
Topic: I want you like X wants Y type sentences
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Re: ATP ase vs. ADP ase

ATPases are a class of enzymes that catalyze the decomposition of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) into adenosine diphosphate (ADP) and a free phosphate ion. This dephosphorylation ...

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by bellyjelly
Tue Jul 12, 2011 7:20 am
Forum: Molecular Biology
Topic: ATP ase vs. ADP ase
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Cellular Respiration help

1) i) it's cAMP ii) it's cyclic adenosine MONOphosphate, so it can NOT be a type of adenosine TRIphosphate :roll: iii) it functions as so called second messanger AKA substance produced by the cell ...

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by JackBean
Wed Dec 01, 2010 10:21 am
Forum: Cell Biology
Topic: Cellular Respiration help
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... about the contractile event and is a chemical reaction using ATP (adenosine triphosphate) as the energy source to drive each contraction. A chemical reaction approximately ...

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by cluedo
Wed Nov 24, 2010 1:15 pm
Forum: General Discussion
Topic: Heart rate and temperature
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