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Adenosine Diphosphate ADP

Definition

noun

(1) A nucleotide made up of adenine, ribose, and two phosphate units; having a molecular formula: C10H15N5O10P2

(2) The product of ATP de-phosphorylation via ATPases to release energy; and can be converted to ATP by phosphorylation (addition of phosphate and energy) via ATP synthases to store energy.


Supplement

Adenosine diphosphate or ADP is the result when ATP loses one of its phosphate groups when the energy is released to power up many vital cellular processes.


Accronym: ADP.
Compare: AMP, ATP.
See also: nucleoside diphosphate.


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Re: ATP ase vs. ADP ase

... of enzymes that catalyze the decomposition of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) into adenosine diphosphate (ADP) and a free phosphate ion. This dephosphorylation reaction releases ...

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by bellyjelly
Tue Jul 12, 2011 7:20 am
 
Forum: Molecular Biology
Topic: ATP ase vs. ADP ase
Replies: 9
Views: 11219

Re: Crosswords will be the death of me..

... the “g” in the supposedly eight-letter answer to the question about the diphosphate is uncertain. I’m guessing that the overlap between the two answers ... answer is indeed eight letters) then I have no idea what it can be. “Adenosine” no longer fits and I can’t think of anything else off-hand ...

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by blcr11
Thu Oct 16, 2008 5:35 pm
 
Forum: Cell Biology
Topic: Crosswords will be the death of me..
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The Fiber Disease

... linear protein motor uses chemical energy released in the conversion of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) to adenosine diphosphate and a phosphate ion. The hydrolysis of 1 mole of ATP releases about 10 kcal of ...

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by Nadas Moksha
Fri Oct 27, 2006 9:34 am
 
Forum: Human Biology
Topic: The Fiber Disease
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The Fiber Disease

... (G proteins) such as Gi and G(o), which are ADP-ribosylated by pertussis toxin (PTX) and thereby ... cholera toxin-catalyzed adenosine 5'-diphosphate (ADP)-ribosylation of the long and short forms ...

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by London
Tue Aug 29, 2006 7:40 pm
 
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Topic: The Fiber Disease
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What is ATP?

adenosine triphosphate (ATP) A common form in which energy ... groups. The energy coin of the cell. adenosine diphosphate (ADP) Lower energy form of ATP, having two (instead of the three in ...

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by ShortLaxPlayer15
Fri Mar 24, 2006 6:36 pm
 
Forum: Cell Biology
Topic: What is ATP?
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