Difference between revisions of "Triglyceride"

 
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triglyceride
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'''Definition'''
  
(Science: biochemistry) [[storage]] [[fats]] of [[animal]] [[adipose tissue]] where they are largely [[glycerol]] [[esters]] of [[saturated fatty acids]].
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''noun, plural: triglycerides''
  
Also found in the [[bloodstream]] with [[normal]] [[blood]] levels between 10-150 [[milligrams]] per [[decilitre]]. [[Elevations]] of the triglyceride level (particularly in [[association]] with elevated [[cholesterol]]) have been correlated with the [[development]] of [[atherosclerosis]], the underlying [[cause]] of [[heart]] [[disease]] and [[stroke]].
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An [[energy]]-rich [[compound]] made up of a single [[molecule]] of [[glycerol]] and three [[molecule]]s of [[fatty acid]], and serves as a major [[component]] of [[animal]] and [[plant]] [[oil]]s and [[fat]]s
  
In [[plants]] they tend to be [[esters]] of [[unsaturated fatty acids]] ([[vegetable]] [[oils]]). [[Present]] as a [[minor]] [[component]] of [[cell membrane]]. Important [[energy]] [[supply]] in [[heart muscle]].
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Glyceride occurring naturally in animal and vegetable tissues; it consists of three individual fatty acids bound together in a single large molecule; an important energy source forming much of the fat stored by the body.The technical term for fat, see [[fat.
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'''Supplement'''
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Triglycerides are present in both [[plants]] and [[animals]]. Triglycerides in plants are typically found in [[plant]] [[cell membrane]] where the [[fatty acid]]s are mostly unsaturated. In animals, the [[fatty acid]] component is largely saturated.
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Animal triglycerides are important [[energy]] source and present in [[adipose tissue]]s, [[bloodstream]], and [[heart muscle]]. Together with [[proteins]], they give rise to high and low density [[lipoprotein]]s.  
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Triglycerides are clinically measured and monitored. It is because an increased level of triglycerides is correlated to an increased risk to [[atherosclerosis]], [[hypertension]], [[diabetes]], [[heart disease]], and [[stroke]].
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''Word origin:'' ''tri''- (three)  + [[glyceride]]
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''Synonym(s):''
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*[[triacylglycerol]]
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''Compare:''
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*[[monoglyceride]]
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*[[diglyceride]]
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''See also:''
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*[[glyceride]]
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*[[fatty acid]]
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''Related term(s):''
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*[[High blood triglyceride]]

Latest revision as of 12:48, 20 September 2012

Definition

noun, plural: triglycerides

An energy-rich compound made up of a single molecule of glycerol and three molecules of fatty acid, and serves as a major component of animal and plant oils and fats


Supplement

Triglycerides are present in both plants and animals. Triglycerides in plants are typically found in plant cell membrane where the fatty acids are mostly unsaturated. In animals, the fatty acid component is largely saturated.

Animal triglycerides are important energy source and present in adipose tissues, bloodstream, and heart muscle. Together with proteins, they give rise to high and low density lipoproteins.

Triglycerides are clinically measured and monitored. It is because an increased level of triglycerides is correlated to an increased risk to atherosclerosis, hypertension, diabetes, heart disease, and stroke.


Word origin: tri- (three) + glyceride

Synonym(s):

Compare:

See also:

Related term(s):

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