3. To be of a certain size or quantity, or to have a certain length, breadth, or thickness, or a certain capacity according to a standard measure; as, cloth measures three fourths of a yard; a tree measures three feet in diameter.
1. A standard of dimension; a fixed unit of quantity or extent; an extent or quantity in the fractions or multiples of which anything is estimated and stated; hence, a rule by which anything is adjusted or judged.
3. The dimensions or capacity of anything, reckoned according to some standard; size or extent, determined and stated; estimated extent; as, to take one's measure for a coat. The measure thereof is longer than the earth, and broader than the sea. (job xi. 9)
4. The contents of a vessel by which quantity is measured; a quantity determined by a standard; a stated or limited quantity or amount. It is like leaven which a woman took and hid in three measures of meal. (Luke xiii. 21)
5. Extent or degree not excessive or beyong bounds; moderation; due restraint; especially. In the phrases, in measure; with measure; without or beyond measure. Hell hath enlarged herself, and opened her mouth without measure. (Is. V. 14)
6. Determined extent, not to be exceeded; limit; allotted share, as of action, influence, ability, or the like; due proportion. Lord, make me to know mine end, and the measure of my days. (Ps. Xxxix. 4)
10. (Science: mathematics) A number which is contained in a given number a number of times without a remainder; as in the phrases, the common measure, the greatest common measure, etc, of two or more numbers.
11. A step or definite part of a progressive course or policy; a means to an end; an act designed for the accomplishment of an object; as, political measures; prudent measures; an inefficient measure. His majesty found what wrong measures he had taken in the conferring that trust, and lamented his error. (Clarendon)
13. (Science: geology) beds or strata; as, coal measures; lead measures. Lineal, or long, measure, measure of length; the measure of lines or distances. Liquid measure, the measure of liquids. Square measure, the measure of superficial area of surfaces in square units, as inches, feet, miles, etc. To have hard measure, to have harsh treatment meted out to one; to be harshly or oppressively dealt with. To take measures, to make preparations; to provide means. To take one's measure, to measure one, as for a garment; hence, to form an opinion of one's disposition, character, ability, etc. To tread a measure, to dance in the style so called. See 9 . Say to her, we have measured many miles To tread a measure with her on this grass. (Shak)
Origin: OE. Mesure, F. Mesure, L. Mensura, fr. Metiri, mensus, to measure; akin to metrum poetical measure, Gr, E. Meter. Cf. Immense, Mensuration, Mete to measure.