noun, plural: heterotrophs
Heterotrophs are the consumers in the food chain, particularly the herbivores, carnivores and omnivores. All animals, some fungi and most bacteria are heterotrophs. They are not capable of producing their own food. Therefore, they obtain their energy requirements by feeding on organic matter or another organism.
An organism is heterotroph if it obtains its carbon from organic compounds. If it obtains nitrogen from organic compounds but not energy, it is still considered an autotroph (such as carnivorous plants).
Organisms that obtain carbon from organic compounds may either be: photoheterotrophs or chemoheterotrophs. A photoheterotroph is an organism that depends on light for most of its energy and principally on organic compounds for its carbon whereas a chemoheterotroph is an organism deriving energy by ingesting intermediates or building blocks that it is incapable of creating on its own.
Word origin: Greek héteros (the other of two, other, different) + Greek trophos (feeder)
- heterotrophic (adjective, of, describing, or pertaining to the utilization of organic compounds as source of carbon)
- heterotrophy (noun, the state of being a heterotroph)