Golgi apparatus

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(1) An organelle found in most eukaryotic cells identified in 1898 by the Italian physician Camilo Golgi.

(2) One of the components of the GERL complex.


Structure: composed of membrane-bound stacks known as cisternae Functions: involved in glycosylation (i.e. adding carbohydrate to a protein), packaging of molecules like proteins into vesicles for secretion, transport of lipids around the cell, and the creation of lysosomes

Word origin: From Camillo Golgi Italian physician and scientist.

Synonym: Golgi body, Golgi vesicles, dictyosome (in plants), parabasal body (in flagellate protozoa).
See also: organelles.

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