Revision as of 21:16, 3 October 2005 by WikiConvertor (Talk)

(diff) ← Older revision | Latest revision (diff) | Newer revision → (diff)


(Science: disease, neurology) The paroxysmal transient disturbances of brain function that may be manifested as episodic impairment or loss of consciousness, abnormal motor phenomena, psychic or sensory disturbances or perturbation of the autonomic nervous system.

symptoms are due to paroxysmal disturbance of the electrical activity of the brain. On the basis of origin, epilepsy is idiopathic (cryptogenic, essential, genetic) or symptomatic (acquired, organic). On the basis of clinical and electroencephalographic phenomenon, four subdivisions are recognised:

1. Grand mal epilepsy (major epilepsy, haut mal epilepsy) subgroups: generalised, focal (localised), jacksonian (rolandic)

2. Petit mal epilepsy

3. Psychomotor epilepsy (temporal lobe epilepsy, psychic, psychic equivalent or variant) subgroups: psychomotor proper (tonic with adversive or torsion movements or masticatory phenomena), automatic (with amnesia) and sensory (hallucinations or dream states

4. Autonomic epilepsy (diencephalic), with flushing, p 4a4 allor, tachycardia, hypertension, perspiration or other visceral symptoms.

Synonym: epilepsia.

Origin: gr. Epilepsia = seizure

Retrieved from "http://www.biology-online.org/bodict/index.php?title=Epilepsy&oldid=5465"
First | Previous (Epilepsia partialis continua) | Next (Epilepsy absence) | Last
Please contribute to this project, if you have more information about this term feel free to edit this page.