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Autophagy also known as auto-cannibalism, is an active cellular process by which the cell directs some of its own organelles and misfolded proteins to lysosome compartments for degradation. The process allows the cellOld organelles as well as misfolded proteins thereby maintaining intracellular homeostasis; playing a central role in cell differentiation and in cellular defense against intracellular pathogens whilst allowing cell survival in low nutrition conditions. It is also believed to play an important role in the biology of cancer cells in aiding their escape from apoptosis as well as in neurodegenerative diseases.

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