noun, plural: abiotic factors
Abiotic factors may be grouped into the following main categories:
- climatic factors - include sunlight, humidity, temperature, atmosphere, etc.
- edaphic factors - include the nature and type of the soil, geology of the land, etc.
- social factors - include land use, water resources, etc.
Abiotic factors are further investigated in the freshwater ecology tutorial.
Word origin: a- meaning “not,” “without” + biotic: Gk biōtikós of, pertaining to life; factor: late ME facto(u)r < L factor maker, perpetrator.
Compare: biotic factor.