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No vaccine for HIV after 25 years ?

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No vaccine for HIV after 25 years ?

Postby allabout » Wed Dec 12, 2007 7:53 pm

After 25 years and billions of research dollars the world's scientists have been unable to develop a vaccine that provides immunity against AIDS.

what makes HIV so powerful?

What mechanism did HIV use to evade detection in the immune system?

Give your view how one can generate vaccine against such nasty virushttp://www.newsinbiology.blogspot.com/
Last edited by allabout on Sun Feb 03, 2008 8:38 pm, edited 2 times in total.
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Postby khelben1979 » Thu Dec 13, 2007 1:14 am

I think that by contributing to the fightaids@home project one can help out in this!

It runs in collaboration with IBM:s World Community grid which gives combined computational mathematical calculations.
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Postby canalon » Thu Dec 13, 2007 3:15 am

There is a biology-online.org team. Also it does not seem too active. Join us ;-)
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Postby biohazard » Thu Dec 13, 2007 7:48 am

HIV is a single-stranded retrovirus, and thus it is extremely prone to mutation - a mutation in it's only strand of RNA instantly affects the fenotype. Furthermore (if I recall correctly), the reverse transcriptase enzyme does not have proof-reading ability, further increasing the mutation rate. Whilst many mutated viruses naturally become completely inactive, there are always those who manage to slightly alter the antigens used in vaccines and this allows them to avoid the immune system triggered by that antigen. The mutation rate also makes it quite resistant to antiviral drugs, and in order to avoid almost immediate resistance, combination treatment of at least three different drugs must be used (so if a mutant is resistant to one or two drugs, the third is still able to inactivate it). Despite this, eventually, resistant strains emerge.

HIV is by no means the only pathogen to which no vaccine exists. Many microbes use similar mechanisms to avoid immune response. In some cases, there has also been troubles in choosing an effective antigen(s) for the vaccine. HIV also infects the immune system itself, and can have a long latency periods where the virus simply hides within certain leukocytes. Thus eradicating the virus from the body once the infection has begun is very challenging (= currently impossible).

I'm quite sure there are also other issues regarding the HIV vaccine, of which I'm not aware or don't remember now. It is still good to remember that HIV isn't the only trouble child out there, it just happens to be one of the worst. Now, where was this proper malaria vaccine..? ;)
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Postby khelben1979 » Thu Dec 13, 2007 3:41 pm

Where can I find this team?
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Postby canalon » Thu Dec 13, 2007 6:04 pm

you go there: http://www.worldcommunitygrid.org/
you register as a member and put our team name in the appropriate box. And then you leave your computer running.
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Postby allabout » Thu Dec 13, 2007 7:32 pm

thanks Canalon for this link........
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Postby canan5000 » Thu Dec 13, 2007 8:22 pm

As was stated before its the viruses ability to quickly mutate and adapted to environmental antagonist, but its the viruses stealth that contiually evades the immune system. The viruses stealth is partially due to the carbohydrate coating that it has on its surface it fools the immune system into thinking its part of a healthy body.

As for a vaccine I have thought of the introduction of gene therapy into leukocytes. Introducing a gene that does not code for the G4 proteins on the outer surface of the cell, thereby not allowing the virus to dock.
you have come here because society has no further use for you

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Postby khelben1979 » Thu Dec 13, 2007 10:30 pm

Canalon, what is your team name?
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Postby canalon » Fri Dec 14, 2007 2:30 am

Biology-Online.org
team ID: 17175

Our captain is "Anghel Stefan Andrei", known here as Mr Mistery
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Postby MichaelXY » Fri Dec 14, 2007 2:48 am

This sounds like a worthwhile endeavor, I guess I will have to uninstall SETI.
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Postby khelben1979 » Fri Dec 14, 2007 3:04 pm

Why uninstall when you can run both?
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