I'm a bit confused here, how do theC4s need less CO2 as to carry out equal no. of photosynth reactions, CO2 required should be the same. Also, the require ment is given in 'ppm' units [ parts per million] The above q arises if this ppm quantity corrosponds to the conc. of CO2 in plasma of cell, but if it is about the conc. of CO2 in air, the above q will not arise. I think the more % CO2 stored in C4 is used in photosynthesis, so they need less CO2 conc. in air.
Also, how do CAMs save water in photosynthesis ? ? ?
Please help, i'm really confused.
Ok, i see you are really confused so i'll try to clear up things for me: hope i can
Both C3 and C4 plants need the same amount of co2 to produce glucose: all processes bow down to the laws of chemistry. But in c3 plants, under higher temperatures, occurs a process called fotorespiration. RuDP-carboxylase(the enzime that fixes CO2 in c3 plants) has a hish afinity for oxygen. Under high intensity of heat and light, c3 plants close their stomates, therefore reducing the quantity of water. when there is no water, there is no energy to enable fixing CO2, therefore oxigen is fixed on that enzime. Through this process photosynthesis in c3 plants drops dramatically, by aprox 50%. The enzime that fixes co2 in c4 and cam plants does not have an afinity for o2, therefore it does not have this problem.
Because C4 plants do not have this problem, photosynthesis is 6 times more efficient in their case. That is why they need less co2.
How do CAM plants save water? Good question. CAM plants live in places with less water, that is true. THEY DO NOT SAVE WATER IN PHOTOSYNTHESIS. They save it by reducing transpiration. CAM plants keep their stomas open during the night when it is colder so transpiration is reduced greatly, almost 0. They take CO2 from the air then and transform it into malic or aspartic acid, which filles the vacuoles of the plant. During the day the plant turns these acids into glucose, so the stomas are closed.
Hope i made it clear for you.
"As a biologist, I firmly believe that when you're dead, you're dead. Except for what you live behind in history. That's the only afterlife" - J. Craig Venter
Your teacher is wrong.
All plant assimilation types(C3, C4 and CAM) undergo the Calvin cycle.
C4 and CAM plants have an additional cycle witch fixes CO2 into malic acid(usually) first and then "gives" it to Rubisco and runs the Calvin cycle. The two types of plan ts differ in 2 main ways:
1. C4 plants have certain anatomical adaptations, while CAM plants do not
2. C4 plants separate the 2 cycles spatially(one occurs in the mesophil cells and the other in the bundle sheeth cells) while CAM plants separate them temporally(one occurs during the day and the other at night)
Hope i was as clear as possible...
and don't double post...
Bringing alive this old thread,
If you keep a c3 plant and a c4 plant under the same bell jar, adequate licght, then what happens to the co2 conc in the jar?
a. [co2] drops to co2 compensation point of c3 plant
b. [co2] drops to co2 compensation point of c4 plant
c. [co2] goes on decreasing.
d. [co2] drops below co2 compensation point of c4 plant
This came in Indian Biology Olympiad 2008. I just dont get the rationale.
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