Login

Join for Free!
112201 members


DNA evolution

Discussion of all aspects of biological molecules, biochemical processes and laboratory procedures in the field.

Moderator: BioTeam

DNA evolution

Postby 2810712 » Sat Jan 22, 2005 8:24 am

Why is DNA double stranded? The answer is - IT GIVES STABILITY. But what kind of stability? Is this a satiesfactory explanation to the changeover from sDNA to dDNA ? What do U think?
hsg
2810712
King Cobra
King Cobra
 
Posts: 697
Joined: Thu Jan 20, 2005 12:19 pm

Postby mith » Sat Jan 22, 2005 6:35 pm

Structural stability
If sDNA loses a base sequence there is no way to find that sequence. Whereas if a dDNA loses a base, the complementary sequence can be found because there's one complementary base. Ideally, if an organism evolves a quadruple redundant DNA structure, it would be able to withstand ageing, radiation etc...
User avatar
mith
Inland Taipan
Inland Taipan
 
Posts: 5345
Joined: Thu Jan 20, 2005 8:14 pm
Location: Nashville, TN

Postby 2810712 » Mon Jan 24, 2005 4:47 am

mithrilhack wrote:Structural stability
If sDNA loses a base sequence there is no way to find that sequence. Whereas if a dDNA loses a base, the complementary sequence can be found because there's one complementary base. Ideally, if an organism evolves a quadruple redundant DNA structure, it would be able to withstand ageing, radiation etc...

Does this double stranded form help conserve the genetic material ? I think, yes, & this wud have been important pt. in earlier environment ..
& what about RNA to DNA change over ? Is there any special benefit of DNA over RNA ?
2810712
King Cobra
King Cobra
 
Posts: 697
Joined: Thu Jan 20, 2005 12:19 pm


Postby biostudent84 » Mon Jan 24, 2005 7:56 am

DNA stores the information...RNA communicates it. DNA can hold more information due to its larger size, and RNA can communicate better due to its smaller size.
User avatar
biostudent84
Site Admin
Site Admin
 
Posts: 974
Joined: Thu Nov 11, 2004 6:00 am
Location: Farmville, VA

Postby 2810712 » Mon Jan 24, 2005 9:50 am

Thanks. :| , but this is what we see today . Actually RNA was genetic material before DNA as per the "RNA world hypothesis". Then , I think , at that time RNAs wud be larger than those we see today, so this doesn't seem to be the reasone. Further , smaller size of RNA is advantagious from communication pt. of view , so this may explain why RNA acts as communicator but this cannot explain the RNA to DNA change over as equal lengths of DNA & RNA will have equal no. of information , I think, we cannot say that DNA is larger so it can store more info.
By saying RNA to DNA change over I mean appearance of T instead of U in the genetic material.So, i want to know if there are any advantages of T over U.....
hrushikesh
2810712
King Cobra
King Cobra
 
Posts: 697
Joined: Thu Jan 20, 2005 12:19 pm

Postby RobJim » Thu Feb 10, 2005 1:00 am

I don't know. A possibility is that RNA has a 4' OH group. This group should be both more reactive than the 4' H in DNA as well as a source of hydrogen bonding effects.
RobJim
Death Adder
Death Adder
 
Posts: 70
Joined: Mon Feb 07, 2005 10:54 am

H-bonding???

Postby 2810712 » Fri Feb 18, 2005 4:46 am

I don't know. A possibility is that RNA has a 4' OH group. This group should be both more reactive than the 4' H in DNA as well as a source of hydrogen bonding effects.

-Yes, It is also a stabilizing factor. Thanx .
But,-- Sugars in -NAs don't participate in H-bonding.


hrushikesh
2810712
King Cobra
King Cobra
 
Posts: 697
Joined: Thu Jan 20, 2005 12:19 pm

Postby prometheusmax » Sun Feb 27, 2005 1:00 am

2810713 wrote:Thanks. :| , but this is what we see today . Actually RNA was genetic material before DNA as per the "RNA world hypothesis". Then , I think , at that time RNAs wud be larger than those we see today, so this doesn't seem to be the reasone. Further , smaller size of RNA is advantagious from communication pt. of view , so this may explain why RNA acts as communicator but this cannot explain the RNA to DNA change over as equal lengths of DNA & RNA will have equal no. of information , I think, we cannot say that DNA is larger so it can store more info.
By saying RNA to DNA change over I mean appearance of T instead of U in the genetic material.So, i want to know if there are any advantages of T over U.....
hrushikesh


See this:
This article from Virology Journal (http://www.virologyj.com/home) might be of interest to the readership as it (among other things) describes a mechanism that enables protein information to modify RNA information, and is a mechanism of Larmarkian inheritance. The author makes it clear that it remains consistent with Darwinian selection. It also suggest potential weaknesses in viral replication that might be exploited.
Hepatitis C (HCV), hepatitis B (HBV), the human immunodeficiency viruses (HIV), and other viruses that replicate via RNA intermediaries, cause an enormous burden of disease and premature death worldwide. These viruses circulate within infected hosts as vast populations of closely related, but genetically diverse, molecules known as "quasispecies". The mechanism(s) by which this extreme genetic and antigenic diversity is stably maintained are unclear, but are fundamental to understanding viral persistence and pathobiology. The persistence of HCV, an RNA virus, is especially problematic and HCV stability, maintained despite rapid genomic mutation, is highly paradoxical. This paper presents the hypothesis, and evidence, that viruses capable of persistent infection autoregulate replication and the likely mechanism mediating autoregulation--Replicative Homeostasis--is described. Replicative homeostasis causes formation of stable, but highly reactive, equilibria that drive quasispecies expansion and generates escape mutation. Replicative homeostasis explains both viral kinetics and the enigma of RNA quasispecies stability and provides a rational, mechanistic basis for all observed viral behaviours and host responses. More importantly, this paradigm has specific therapeutic implication and defines, precisely, new approaches to antiviral therapy. Replicative homeostasis may also modulate cellular gene expression.
prometheusmax
Garter
Garter
 
Posts: 6
Joined: Sun Feb 27, 2005 12:40 am

thanx!

Postby 2810712 » Fri Mar 04, 2005 9:56 am

thanx!! It might really be related to evolution of DNA , intelligent !
I'll definitely see that after my exams.

Thanx again. :P

hrushikesh
2810712
King Cobra
King Cobra
 
Posts: 697
Joined: Thu Jan 20, 2005 12:19 pm


Return to Molecular Biology

Who is online

Users browsing this forum: No registered users and 1 guest

cron