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## BMR of Rat is higher than an an Elephant

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### BMR of Rat is higher than an an Elephant

I have read in biology text book that Rat body surface area is greater than an Elephant,So that Rat has higher Basal Metabolic Rate than an Elephant.
How to understand this?
Kumar
kumar985

Posts: 50
Joined: Thu Jul 19, 2012 4:05 pm
Location: India

### Re: BMR of Rat is higher than an an Elephant

Generally, within a similar group of animals, for example, mammals, metabolic rate is higher for smaller body size versus larger body size.

You have to take into consideration the mass (body size) of the animal though. that is why its called the mass specific metabolic rate (MSMR).

For your example, a rat has smaller body size but it's MSMR is much higher than that of the elephant (larger body size). The surface area to volume ratio (SA:V) of a rat is larger than that of the elephant. you can prove this with math and geometry.

lets say that the rat is represented by a 3d shape like a cube, 0.1 m each side.
SA of a cube = 6 x L x W = 6 x 0.1 x 0.1 = 0.06 m squared
V of a cube = L x W X H = .001 m cubed
the SA:V ratio here is 0.06/0.001 = 60

lets say an elephant is also represented by a 3d shape like a larger cube, 3 m each side.
SA of elephant = 6 x L x W = 6 x 3 x 3 = 54 m squared
V of elepant = L x W x H = 3 x 3 x 3 = 27 m cubed
SA:V ratio here is 54/27 = 2

60 is much larger than 2!

one of the ideas is that because the rat is so small, but its surface area ( the area covered by skin and fur) to volume ratio is large, it can loose a lot more heat. in order to survive and keep warm, it needs to rev up its metabolic rate to compensate for that heat loss. of course there are other things involved (like type of insulation such as fat, fur type and length, whether they are of another groups like birds, or lizards, etc). but in general this SA:V and MSMR hold true.
pathologicalliar
Garter

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Joined: Sat Nov 10, 2012 10:55 am

### Re: BMR of Rat is higher than an an Elephant

Ohhhhhhhhhhhhhh Realy..??
I was not awared about it so thanx for discussing it.