Login

Join for Free!
114098 members


Is Strep mitis a member of the Strep Viridans species

About microscopic forms of life, including Bacteria, Archea, protozoans, algae and fungi. Topics relating to viruses, viroids and prions also belong here.

Moderator: BioTeam

Is Strep mitis a member of the Strep Viridans species

Postby SweetSarah » Sun Mar 04, 2012 7:04 pm

this is an alpha-hemolytic strep species. I want to make sure if s. mitis is part of that or if same thing?
the way my book words it kind of confuses me and sounds like they're the same. they seem to be interchanged sometimes too. I know this is a really simple question but I cant find anything online about this. :?

I probably have this as my unknwons and can't find much online about this organism. almost everything would instead be about the other organisms like Strep pneumoniae so that's kinda annoying for me since I need to write lots of info about it. If anyone else knows any good websites particullarly with information about Strep mitis, that would be helpful. thanks in advance.
SweetSarah
Garter
Garter
 
Posts: 34
Joined: Mon Feb 06, 2012 4:50 am

Postby JorgeLobo » Sun Mar 04, 2012 8:14 pm

"Steptocococus viridans" (viridans group) is a nontaxonomic grouping of commensal, alpha or gamma hemolytic strep that do not possess Lancefield antigens. Streptoccoccus mitis possesses these characteristics and can be considered within this group.
JorgeLobo
Coral
Coral
 
Posts: 424
Joined: Mon Nov 17, 2008 12:12 am

Postby JorgeLobo » Sun Mar 04, 2012 8:18 pm

btw - strep pneumo is optochin senstive and the viridans are all resistant. there are a few real old tests - bile solubility and "Quellung" reaction.
JorgeLobo
Coral
Coral
 
Posts: 424
Joined: Mon Nov 17, 2008 12:12 am


Re:

Postby SweetSarah » Mon Mar 05, 2012 11:00 am

JorgeLobo wrote:btw - strep pneumo is optochin senstive and the viridans are all resistant. there are a few real old tests - bile solubility and "Quellung" reaction.


hey thanks for clearing that up for me Jorge and for helping me out again! Your help is really appreciated :D

I actually did those tests before as you mentioned except the "quellung" reaction (since it wasn't really necessary and we didn't go over this in class) but I know that Strep pneumo is positive for all the tests while S. mitis is negative. So if I do have S. mitis in my paper, would it ever be okay to interchange it as "S. viridans" sometimes since "S. mitis is a member of S. Viridans...if I am understanding correctly. thanks though
SweetSarah
Garter
Garter
 
Posts: 34
Joined: Mon Feb 06, 2012 4:50 am

Re: Is Strep mitis a member of the Strep Viridans species

Postby JorgeLobo » Mon Mar 05, 2012 12:03 pm

S. viridans is not a species. Are you sure it's mitis? In any case, I'd with the correct taxonomy - S. mitis.
JorgeLobo
Coral
Coral
 
Posts: 424
Joined: Mon Nov 17, 2008 12:12 am

Postby xenopus » Mon Mar 05, 2012 5:32 pm

S. viridans is not a species. All spreptococci irrespective of haemolysis type have been currently divided into seven genetically distinct groups: pyogenic streptococci (S. pyogenes, S.agalactiae, S. dysgalactiae) - group I; Str. bovis group (II); Str. mitis group (S. mitis, S. pneumoniae, S. oralis, S. sanguis) - group III; S. mutans group (S. mutans, S. sobrinus) - IV; S. salivarius group (V); S. milleri group (S. anginosus, S. intermedius, S. constelatus) - VI; non-affiliated streptococci (VII). Former "viridans group" term nowadays covers S. mitis, S. mutans, S. salivarius and S. milleri group except for S. pneumoniae, which is not considered a viridans Streptococcus despite the genetical affinity.
xenopus
Garter
Garter
 
Posts: 2
Joined: Thu Mar 01, 2012 12:45 am
Location: Cracow. Poland

Re:

Postby SweetSarah » Tue Mar 06, 2012 4:37 am

xenopus wrote:S. viridans is not a species. All spreptococci irrespective of haemolysis type have been currently divided into seven genetically distinct groups: pyogenic streptococci (S. pyogenes, S.agalactiae, S. dysgalactiae) - group I; Str. bovis group (II); Str. mitis group (S. mitis, S. pneumoniae, S. oralis, S. sanguis) - group III; S. mutans group (S. mutans, S. sobrinus) - IV; S. salivarius group (V); S. milleri group (S. anginosus, S. intermedius, S. constelatus) - VI; non-affiliated streptococci (VII). Former "viridans group" term nowadays covers S. mitis, S. mutans, S. salivarius and S. milleri group except for S. pneumoniae, which is not considered a viridans Streptococcus despite the genetical affinity.


ok this is what i was looking for. thanks for listing all the groups. makes more sense now..
SweetSarah
Garter
Garter
 
Posts: 34
Joined: Mon Feb 06, 2012 4:50 am

Re: Is Strep mitis a member of the Strep Viridans species

Postby SweetSarah » Tue Mar 06, 2012 4:42 am

JorgeLobo wrote:S. viridans is not a species. Are you sure it's mitis? In any case, I'd with the correct taxonomy - S. mitis.


thanks for all your help Jorge. To be honest, I'm not really sure whether it is mitis or pneumoniae but am thinking to go with mitis since the inulin test stayed red so it is negative and so was the bile solubility was also negative. But that last test confused me since it kind of looks clear, so I'm not sure whether it's cloudy or clear but I did the inulin test and it came out negative. I really hope I didn't do anything wrong. This gram positive unknown is due Thurs.

But I know I'm on the right track though, since I asked the TA for some help and she told me if I was. So it ends up I was way wrong before with thinking I had micrococcus...If you know any other better ways I can be sure whether it's pneumo or mitis would be helpful, but it's okay if not since this is due soon and you already helped a lot. I've done the bile solubility and inulin tests so far, all seemed negative but am unsure about the bile one so plan to maybe redo it tomm. what u think?
SweetSarah
Garter
Garter
 
Posts: 34
Joined: Mon Feb 06, 2012 4:50 am


Return to Microbiology

Who is online

Users browsing this forum: No registered users and 0 guests

cron