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Nucleic 'acids'

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Nucleic 'acids'

Postby Adz795 » Tue Sep 13, 2011 12:59 pm

I have 2 questions regarding nucleic acids.

1) Why are nucleic acids called nucleic 'acids'. As far as I know, they don't have a -COOH group neither do they accept hydrogen.

2) Are there any other types of nucleic acid molecules besides DNA and RNA and their subtypes?
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Postby JackBean » Tue Sep 13, 2011 1:16 pm

because of their overall acidity caused by phosphates?
(not every acid must have COOH)
http://www.biolib.cz/en/main/

Cis or trans? That's what matters.
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Postby Adz795 » Tue Sep 13, 2011 4:20 pm

You mean the hydrogen accepting power(ie the negative charge) of the phosphates alone confers the name 'acids' to the molecules?
I had thought of it.. I wanted some confirmation.
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Postby JackBean » Wed Sep 14, 2011 6:59 am

these "phosphates" are phosphoric ACID.
That's like if you asked, whether the sulfate in H2SO4 solution confers the name 'acid'.
http://www.biolib.cz/en/main/

Cis or trans? That's what matters.
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Re:

Postby aptitude » Thu Sep 15, 2011 12:26 am

Adz795 wrote:You mean the hydrogen accepting power(ie the negative charge) of the phosphates alone confers the name 'acids' to the molecules?
I had thought of it.. I wanted some confirmation.


According the Bronstead-Lowry acid/base theory, an acid donates a proton to solution and a base accepts it, not the other way around as you are saying. Phosphates are negatively charged because they have already dissociated to release H+ into solution.
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Postby Adz795 » Thu Sep 15, 2011 6:58 am

I am so sorry, I confused with the acid/base theory.

Thanks a lot for the explanation!
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