Discussion of all aspects of cellular structure, physiology and communication.
8 posts • Page 1 of 1
how many chromatids are found in each duplicated chromosomes?
I would say 4 chromatids because of "2n". There's 2 chromosomes in each duplicated chromosomes, so that's how I came up with 4. However, I'm not sure at all about this. Please help. thank you in advance.
Definition: A chromatid is one-half of a replicated chromosome.
Why do they say it that way? Replicated means double, so two of them, and then they go and say one-half of that. Which by my math means 1. So a replicated chromosome has 2 chromatids: two halves make a whole.
To me, a chromatid is a chromosome (1) that is superly condense . During the S phase of a eukaryotic cell cycle, the chromosome doubles and then in M phase it becomes superly condense and begins its division. Thus these 'sister' chromatids (2 chromatids http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chromatid) are attached by the centromere/cohesin complex (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cohesin), and will seperate (single chromatids) to their side of the cell for division.
Thus my answer is 2 chromatids per replicated chromosome (no s on chromosome).
It can be very confusing!!
A chromosome contains a single chromatid for most of the cell cycle then for mitosis (and mieosis) the chromosome is copied - so has 2 chromatids - forming the familiar X shape.
Don't confuse this with the fact that chromosomes are paired - a pair of chromosomes is still physically two seperate chromosomes. Therefore a single chromosome never consists of more than 2 chromatids.
The image below shows a single chromosome with two chromatids. The original chromatid (e.g. the yellow one) has been copied (the blue one). This is how a chromosome looks at the start of mitosis after it has been copied. For most of the cell cycle the chromosome consists of just one chromatid.
[Note: Copyrighted image removed as per request by macroevolution.net - Admin]
This is not a single chromosome. It is a replicated chromosome, or doubled chromosome.
Thus a chromatid is a single chromosome (which is observed at the end of anaphase/telophase as the attached spindle pulls it back toward the MTOC) that is tightly condensed (telomeres, centromere, and basically heterochromatin that is the chromosome: be it paternal or maternal).
8 posts • Page 1 of 1
Who is online
Users browsing this forum: No registered users and 2 guests