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anybody know what trans-heterozygous phenotype does?

Genetics as it applies to evolution, molecular biology, and medical aspects.

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anybody know what trans-heterozygous phenotype does?

Postby ggangtong81 » Wed Feb 22, 2006 6:33 am

my prof. talked about trans heterozygous phenotype, but not sure what he meant. as far as i understand, it's used to identify other genes that are involved in a same pathway. but he wrote on his note that "when two genes are in the same pathway, mutants heterozygous for both genes will display a phenotype even though each individual heterozygous mutant does not". can anybody tell me what he meant here?? also, any other outisde info about this trans heterozygous phenotype would be appreciated. thanks.
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Postby GreenDog » Wed Feb 22, 2006 3:22 pm

It looks like you understand everything well. a transheterozygote is an organism whose genotype regarding to genes A & B is: A-/A+, B-/B+.
When you have the same organism which is A+/A+, B+/B- or A+/A-, B+/B+ it's completely normal but the transheterozygote displays some defects.
I just did a presentation on two genes Robo and Slit which mediate midline crossing by axons in the brain. A robo+/- mouse or slit +/- is normal but a robo+/-, slit +/- has defects in crossing of comissural axons. this is a kind of evidence that these genes work in the same pathway, and indeed slit is a ligand for robo.
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