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what is the purpose of ChIP experiment?

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what is the purpose of ChIP experiment?

Postby Fa23 » Tue Jun 05, 2012 12:06 am

here is a link to the procedure of the experiment, but i dont know what the purpose of this is...like in practical life what is it used for.

http://i.imgur.com/JkrhO.png

thanks
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Re: what is the purpose of ChIP experiment?

Postby Lucanus cervus » Tue Jun 05, 2012 3:07 am

To localize protein binding sites in the DNA. For example sites where transcription factors (proteins, products of other genes) bind. This is important in understanding gene regulation, gene regulation networks.

Understanding which genes (the ones that code for transcription factors) affect the expression of certain genes of interest (like for example genes with an important role in cancer cells) is for example important to develop medication to try and block these gene networks.

Knowledge of protein binding sites in DNA is useful for numerous other reasons. Mapping and quantifying gene regulatory networks (the networks of genes affecting the expression of other genes) is also important in metabolic engineering, bio-engineering, to manipulate the gene regulatory network so that it overproduces a certain compound of interest. To do that knowledge of regulatory proteins and sequences is needed.
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