Genetics as it applies to evolution, molecular biology, and medical aspects.
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In rats, a black-tailed mutant was discovered. When it was crossed to a pink tailed rat, 4 offspring were black-tailed and 3 were pink tailed. Two of these black-tailed rats were crossed and they produce 6 black tailed and 3 pink-tailed rats. These experiments were repeated several times with approximately the same results. Never was a case seen where a mating between two black-tailed rats produced all black-tailed rats. Explain the black X pink tail and black X black crosses in terms of the alleles of the gene involved in tail colour and the genotypes of the rats in the crosses and their offspring.
This is one of the questions on my assignment. I know that the first cross will have to result in a 1:1 phenotypic ratio of black to pink-tailed rats (the prof gave me this info), and that the second cross will have to result in a 2:1 ratio of black to pink-tailed rats. I also know that the only way to get a 1:1 ratio for the first cross will be with the cross of a heterozygote with a homozygote, but no matter how I manipulate the genotypes of either type of rat, I can't seem to get a 2:1 phenotypic ratio for the second cross, only a 3:1 ratio. Help please!
If you are saying pea plant scenarios, then u are saying Mendelian (Mendel's principles), non-mendelian is something totally different and more complicated.
Yes, exactly. We have learned about the variations to Mendel's principles, but they aren't being applied in this first assignment. Only the basic "Mendelian" should be used in this case.
What I thought was, since my prof said that the 7 F1 offspring (4 black:3 pink) was a 1:1 ratio (crossing a heterozygote black with a homozygote recessive pink), then perhaps the 9 F2 offspring (6 black:3 pink) is supposed to represent a 3:1 ratio? (crossing 2 F1 heterozygote blacks to get 3:1, 3:1, then 1 pink?) (As in, maybe he didn't plan the offspring genotypes perfectly to fit a Punnett square. Maybe he's expecting us to assume there would obviously be some randomness in the 9 offspring's genotypes, because although it's improbable, there is still 1/4 chance that any one of them would be pink?)
6 posts • Page 1 of 1
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