Human Anatomy, Physiology, and Medicine. Anything human!
hey mandie99, i am in practically the same situation myself - i have been put on both antibiotic courses you have talked about numerous times (trimethoprim, and currently on cefalexin 3 times a day for 2 weeks, again). After many complaints to my doctor i was finally referred to an expert urologist who sent me for a KUB, an X-Ray and a Cystoscopy. If she hasnt had a Cystoscopy it may be worth asking about?
That is really awful I was having such an urinal infection as well for quite some time - at least it came back every other week - just horrible.
First thing i suggest your daughter - no tampon during her period, no sex without condom and drinking (cranberry juice and tea if possible).
Antibiotics just work against an acute infection not against a chronically.
I hope its very helpful article.
What is a urinary tract infection?
Your urinary tract is the system that makes urine and carries it out of your body. It includes your bladder and kidneys and the tubes that connect them. When germs get into this system, they can cause an infection.
Most urinary tract infections are bladder infections. A bladder infection usually is not serious if it is treated right away. If you do not take care of a bladder infection, it can spread to your kidneys. A kidney infection is serious and can cause permanent damage.
What causes urinary tract infections?
Usually, germs get into your system through your urethra—the tube that carries urine from your bladder to the outside of your body. The germs that usually cause these infections live in your large intestine and are found in your stool. If these germs get inside your urethra, they can travel up into your bladder and kidneys and cause an infection.
Women tend to get more bladder infections than men. This is probably because women have shorter urethras, so it is easier for the germs to move up to their bladders. Having sex can make it easier for germs to get into your urethra.
You may be more likely to get an infection if you do not drink enough fluids, you have diabetes, or you are pregnant. The chance that you will get a bladder infection is higher if you have any problem that blocks the flow of urine from your bladder. Examples include having kidney stones or an enlarged prostate gland.
For reasons that are not well understood, some women get bladder infections again and again.
What are the symptoms?
You may have an infection if you have any of these symptoms:
* You feel pain or burning when you urinate.
* You feel like you have to urinate often, but not much urine comes out when you do.
* Your belly feels tender or heavy.
* Your urine is cloudy or smells bad.
* You have pain on one side of your back under your ribs. This is where your kidneys are.
* You have fever and chills.
* You have nausea and vomiting.
Call your doctor right away if you think you have an infection and:
* You have a fever, nausea and vomiting, or pain in one side of your back under your ribs.
* You have diabetes, kidney problems, or a weak immune system.
* You are older than 65.
* You are pregnant.
How are urinary tract infections diagnosed?
Your doctor will ask for a sample of your urine. It is tested to see if it has germs that cause bladder infections.
If you have infections often, you may need extra testing to find out why.
How are they treated?
Antibiotics prescribed by your doctor will usually cure a bladder infection. It may help to drink lots of water and other fluids and to urinate often, emptying your bladder each time.
If your doctor prescribes antibiotics, take the pills exactly as you are told. Do not stop taking them just because you feel better. You need to finish taking them all so that you do not get sick again.
Can urinary tract infections be prevented?
You can help prevent these infections.
* Drink lots of water every day.
* Try drinking cranberry juice or taking cranberry pills.
* Urinate often. Do not try to hold it.
* If you are a woman, urinate right after having sex.
Try your luck at drinking plenty of water,cranberry juice from the health store or drink ural sachet from the pharmacy to make your urine more alkaline.If you can ,take your urine in a clear bottle,if it looks very cloudy or dirty ,then better see a doctor for prescription.Do not neglect it if you get repeated urine infections.
Better seek medical advise for prompt antibiotic therapy, if really the home management won't work for it.
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