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The authors aim was to determine whether variant hepatic artery anatomy in …


Biology Articles » Anatomy & Physiology » Anatomy, Animal » Does Variant Hepatic Artery Anatomy in a Liver Transplant Recipient Increase the Risk of Hepatic Artery Complications After Transplantation?

Abstract
- Does Variant Hepatic Artery Anatomy in a Liver Transplant Recipient Increase the Risk of Hepatic Artery Complications After Transplantation?

Does Variant Hepatic Artery Anatomy in a Liver Transplant Recipient Increase the Risk of Hepatic Artery Complications After Transplantation?

Kousei Ishigami1, Yan Zhang1, Stephen Rayhill2, Daniel Katz2 and Alan Stolpen1

1 Department of Radiology, University of Iowa, Carver College of Medicine, 200 Hawkins Dr., 3885 JPP, Iowa City, IA 52242-1077.
2 Department of Surgery, University of Iowa, Carver College of Medicine, IA City, Iowa 52242-1077.



OBJECTIVE. Our aim was to determine whether variant hepatic artery anatomy in a liver transplant recipient increases the risk of hepatic artery complications after liver transplantation.

MATERIALS AND METHODS. The study group consisted of 84 patients who underwent gadolinium-enhanced 3D MR angiography before orthotopic liver transplantation in which a branch patch arterial anastomosis at the gastroduodenal takeoff was used. MR angiography studies were retrospectively reviewed and assessed for the presence and type of variant hepatic artery anatomy. The diameter of the distal common hepatic artery was measured. The incidence of posttransplantation hepatic artery stenosis or thrombosis was assessed.

RESULTS. Seven (8.3%) of the 84 patients developed hepatic artery complications after transplantation. Of the 24 patients with variant hepatic artery anatomy, five (20.8%) had posttransplantation/ hepatic artery complications. In contrast, only two (3.3%) of the 60 patients with classic hepatic artery anatomy had complications. The higher complication rate in patients with variant hepatic artery anatomy was statistically significant (p interval, 1.4–42.6). The diameter of the distal common hepatic artery was smaller in patients with variant hepatic artery anatomy compared with those with classic hepatic artery anatomy (range, 4.3–7.1 mm [mean, 5.8 mm] vs 4.0–8.9 mm [mean 6.3 mm], p who had posttransplantation hepatic artery complications compared with those who had no complications (range, 4.2–6.3 mm [mean, 5.2 mm] vs 4.0–8.9 mm, [mean, 6.2 mm], p

CONCLUSION. Variant hepatic artery anatomy in a liver transplant recipient increased the risk of hepatic artery complications after transplantation. The smaller caliber of the native common hepatic artery may contribute to the higher risk.

AJR 2004; 183:1577-1584. © American Roentgen Ray Society.


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