Viroj Wiwanitkit, M.D.
Department of Laboratory Medicine
Faculty of Medicine
Phenol is of particular concern because recent research indicating that phenol exposure can result in chronic toxicity. Phenol can be found at high levels in the traffic area, therefore, people living in the urban area of big city are highly exposed to traffic phenol vapor. However, there is limited information on using this biomarker for the general population in the urban area. In this work, the author studied the urine phenol level among a sample of healthy subjects in urban area of Bangkok. . The average (mean ± SD) phenol concentration among these subjects was 7.4 ± 2.2 mg/g of urine creatinine.
◊ An open access article from The Internet Journal of Toxicology (
2007) Volume 3 Number 2, viewed from Biology-Online.org.