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This study aimed to investigate the influence of gender, personality traits, career …


Biology Articles » Careers » Swiss residents' speciality choices – impact of gender, personality traits, career motivation and life goals » Table 4

Table 4
- Swiss residents' speciality choices – impact of gender, personality traits, career motivation and life goals

Means and standard deviations of personality traits, career motivation and importance of life goals according to speciality fields (n = 522)

Scale
PC
n = 45
Mean
(SD)
IM
n = 126
Mean
(SD)
SG
n = 68
Mean
(SD)
GO
n = 31
Mean
(SD)
AN
n = 40
Mean
(SD)
PAED
n = 44
Mean
(SD)
PSY
n = 25
Mean
(SD)
OS
n = 60
Mean
(SD)
ND
n = 83
Mean
(SD)
p
Scheffé-test

Personality traits
                     
SOC Sense of Coherence
5.03 (0.73)
4.99 (0.84)
5.35 (0.82)
5.03 (0.80)
5.36 (0.77)
4.91 (0.93)
4.85 (1.03)
5.21 (0.83)
4.95 (0.77)
0.011
PSY, PAED, ND < SG, AN
RSE Rosenberg-Self-Esteem
2.42 (0.38)
2.27 (0.48)
2.48 (0.42)
2.30 (0.37)
2.50 (0.55)
2.31 (0.40)
2.27 (0.62)
2.44 (0.39)
2.33 (0.51)
0.037
IM, PSY < SG, AN
PAQ1 Instrumentality
4.03 (0.65)
4.11 (0.63)
4.63 (0.55)
3.98 (0.73)
4.42 (0.69)
4.14 (0.67)
3.89 (0.73)
4.34 (0.59)
4.00 (0.75)
<0.001
PSY, GO, PC, ND < OS < AN < SG
IM, PAED < SG, AN
PAQ1 Expressiveness
4.93 (0.44)
4.86 (0.51)
4.76 (0.66)
4.98 (0.56)
4.85 (0.49)
5.03 (0.53)
4.97 (0.61)
4.80 (0.64)
4.91 (0.56)
0.255
-

Career motivation
                     
CMQ2 Intrinsic motivation
6.04 (0.51)
6.09 (0.47)
6.32 (0.42)
6.09 (0.54)
6.21 (0.40)
6.18 (0.51)
5.92 (0.59)
6.16 (0.47)
5.96 (0.61)
0.001
PSY < OS, PAED, AN < SG
CMQ2 Extrinsic motivation
3.41 (0.76)
3.60 (0.76)
4.18 (0.88)
3.75 (0.81)
3.53 (0.75)
3.47 (0.72)
3.79 (0.70)
4.12 (0.87)
3.41 (0.95)
<0.001
SG, OS > rest
CMQ2 Extraprofessional concerns
4.75 (0.87)
4.55 (0.94)
3.54 (1.03)
4.44 (0.95)
4.15 (1.20)
4.25 (0.83)
4.85 (1.02)
4.21 (0.89)
4.40 (1.00)
<0.001
SG < rest
AN, OS, PAED < PC, PSY

Importance of life goals (GOALS)
                     
Intimacy
4.63 (0.34)
4.59 (0.43)
4.41 (0.59)
4.76 (0.31)
4.59 (0.46)
4.66 (0.47)
4.50 (0.55)
4.67 (0.37)
4.58 (0.49)
0.016
SG < GO
Affiliation
3.50 (0.75)
3.64 (0.69)
3.46 (0.92)
3.77 (0.79)
3.64 (0.68)
3.73 (0.76)
3.53 (0.73)
3.65 (0.69)
3.62 (0.73)
0.559
-
Altruism
3.73 (0.70)
3.61 (0.58)
3.73 (0.77)
3.58 (0.56)
3.71 (0.79)
3.96 (0.71)
3.41 (0.43)
3.55 (0.73)
3.66 (0.74)
0.40
-
Power
2.53 (0.76)
2.77 (0.77)
3.07 (0.86)
2.99 (0.63)
2.63 (0.74)
2.68 (0.70)
2.97 (0.72)
2.85 (0.76)
2.70 (0.81)
0.006
PC < GO, SG
Achievement
4.03 (0.56)
4.22 (0.49)
4.45 (0.46)
4.25 (0.47)
4.34 (0.48)
4.33 (0.52)
4.21 (0.46)
4.32 (0.48)
4.19 (0.56)
0.002
PC < OS, PAED, AN, SG
Variation
3.80 (0.69)
3.66 (0.70)
3.82 (0.67)
3.73 (0.75)
3.86 (0.68)
3.84 (0.66)
3.43 (0.70)
3.75 (0.75)
3.75 (0.80)
0.301
-

1PAQ Personal Attributes Questionnaire

2CMQ Career Motivation Questionnaire

PC = Primary Care, IM = Internal Medicine, SG = Surgery, GO = G&O, AN = Anaesthesiology, PAED = Paediatrics, PSY = Psychiatry, OS = Other specialities, ND = Not decided


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