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An alternative source of time constraints in teleostean phylogeny by evaluating a …


Biology Articles » Biogeography » Mitogenomic evaluation of the historical biogeography of cichlids toward reliable dating of teleostean divergences » Table 2

Table 2
- Mitogenomic evaluation of the historical biogeography of cichlids toward reliable dating of teleostean divergences

Maximum (U) and minimum (L) time constrains (MYA) used for dating at nodes in Fig. 2

Node
Constraint
Reference information

A
L416
Psarolepis fossil (the earliest Sarcopterygii) from Ludlow (Silurian) [2]Lophosteus and Andreolepis fossils (the earliest Actinopterygii) from Ludlow (Silurian) [64]
A
U528
Probable divergence time between chondrichthyans and osteichthyans (528 MYA), based on both fossils and molecules [58]
B
L392
Stem-actinopterans known from the Givetian/Eifelian boundary [57]
B
U450
Probable divergence time between sarcopterygians and actinopterygians (450 MYA), based on both fossils and molecules [6,58]
C
L345
Tournasian Cosmoptychius as the earliest stem-group neopterygian [57]
C
U392
Estimated divergence time between polypterids and actinopterans [57]
D
L130
Protosephuru (paddlefish) from Hauterivian (Cretaceous) [57]
E
L284
Brachydegma from early Permian [57]
F
L136
Stem-hiodontid Yambiania from the Lower Cretaceous [57]
G
L112
Osteoglossoid fossil from the Aptian (Cretaceous) [4]
H
L151
Stem-elopomorph Elopsomolos from the Kimmeridgian (Jurassic) [57]
I
L90
Albuloid fossil from the Cenomanian (Cretaceous) [4]
J
L50
Anguillid and congrid fossils from the Ypresian (Tertiary) [4]
K
L146
Stem-ostariophysan Tischlingerichthys from Tithonian (Jurassic) [57]
L
L57
Clupeid fossil from the Thanetian (Tertiary) [4]
M
L50
Cyprinid fossil from the Ypresian (Tertiary) [4]
N
L74
Esociform fossil from the Campanian (Cretaceous) [4]
O
L94
Polymixiid fossil from the Cenomanian (Cretaceous) [4]
P
L50
Pleuronectiform fossil from the Ypresian (Tertiary) [4]
Q
L98
Tetraodontiform fossil from the Cenomanian (Cretaceous) [2]
R
L32
Estimated divergence time between Takifugu and Tetraodon [2]

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