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To enable a quantification of net joint moments and joint reaction forces, …


Biology Articles » Zoology » Zoopathology » Joint axes of rotation and body segment parameters of pig limbs » Table

Table
- Joint axes of rotation and body segment parameters of pig limbs

The body segment parameters of the right limbs of five pigs. The segment mass, kg and % BW; segment length, cm; segment COMrel, the distance from the proximal segment end to the COM in % of segment length; and segment ICOM, kg·m2·10-3, are presented as average ± s.d.


Mass
Length
COMrel
ICOM


kg
% BW
cm
%
kg·m2·10-3
Forelimb





Humerus
1.333 ± 0.126
1.94 ± 0.12
12.7 ± 0.2
46.1 ± 1.9
4.42 ± 1.07
Radius/ulna
0.726 ± 0.073
1.05 ± 0.04
14.5 ± 1.2
31.5 ± 3.0
2.32 ± 0.70
Metacarpus
0.125 ± 0.021
0.18 ± 0.03
6.4 ± 0.8
49.3 ± 2.1
0.06 ± 0.03b
Forepastern
0.100 ± 0.008
0.15 ± 0.01
4.9 ± 0.1
44.5 ± 2.1
0.04 ± 0.00b
Foretoe
0.030 ± 0.003
0.04 ± 0.00
2.2 ± 0.1
50a
0.0002a
Hindlimb





Femur
4.466 ± 0.207
6.50 ± 0.22
18.3 ± 1.0
50.3 ± 5.1
31.50 ± 2.37
Tibia
0.991 ± 0.056
1.44 ± 0.07
16.0 ± 0.9
40.4 ± 3.6
2.52 ± 1.00
Metatarsus
0.291 ± 0.035
0.42 ± 0.03
10.4 ± 0.8
32.3 ± 5.6
0.34 ± 0.07b
Hindpastern
0.111 ± 0.010
0.16 ± 0.01
5.9 ± 0.6
40.0 ± 5.5
0.06 ± 0.01b
Hindtoe
0.029 ± 0.003
0.04 ± 0.01
2.3 ± 0.1
50a
0.0002a

aapproximated; bcalculated.


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