Login

Join for Free!
111121 members
table of contents table of contents

The authors documented and validated (in a non-experimental way) the ethnoveterinary medicines …


Biology Articles » Ethnobiology » Ethnoveterinary medicines used for ruminants in British Columbia, Canada » References

References
- Ethnoveterinary medicines used for ruminants in British Columbia, Canada

  1. Macey A: Organic statistics 2003. British Columbia. From "Certified Organic" The status of the Canadian Organic Market in 2003. Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada; 2004.

  2. MacNair E: A baseline assessment of food security in British Columbia's Capital Region. Capital Region Food and Agricultural Initiatives Roundtable (CR-FAIR); 2004.

  3. Dakers Sonya: Sustainable agriculture: Future dimensions. Ottawa: Library of Parliament, Research Branch; 1992.

  4. Lans C, Turner N, Brauer G, Lourenco G, Georges K: Ethnoveterinary medicines used for horses in Trinidad and in British Columbia, Canada.

    Journal of Ethnobology and Ethnomedicine 2006, 2:31.

  5. Wynn SG, Marsden SA: Manual of Natural Veterinary Medicine: Science and Tradition. Mosby: St Louis; 2003.

  6. Teit James A: The Thompson Indians of British Columbia. American Museum of Natural History, Memoir No. 2; 1900.

  7. Mackinnon , Andy , Pojar Jim, (Eds): Plants of Coastal British Columbia including Washington, Oregon and Alaska.

    Lone Pine Publishing, Vancouver and Edmonton. (Ethnobotanical contributions by N. Turner and A. Reed) 1994.

  8. Moerman DE: Native American Ethnobotany. Portland Timber Press; 1998.

  9. Grieve M: A modern herbal; the medicinal, culinary, cosmetic and economic properties, cultivation and folk-lore of herbs, grasses, fungi, shrubs & trees, with all their modern scientific uses. [http://www.botanical.com/]

    New York: Hafner Pub. Co; 1959.

  10. Turner NJ, Thompson C, Thompson MT, York AZ: Thompson Ethnobotany Victoria: Royal British Columbia Museum.

    1990.

  11. Turner NJ, Hebda RJ: Contemporary use of bark for medicine by two Salishan native elders of southeast Vancouver Island, Canada.

    Journal of Ethnopharmacology 1990, 29:59-72.

  12. Bremness L: DK Pocket Encyclopedia, herbs. London: Dorling Kindersley Ltd; 1995.

  13. Barrett SA, Gifford EW: Miwok Material Culture. Indian Life of the Yosemite Region.

    Bulletin of the Milwaukee Public Museum 1933., 2(4):

  14. Anon: [http://www.na.fs.fed.us/pubs/silvics_manual/volume_2/acer/saccharum.htm]

    Acer saccharum Marsh Sugar Maple.

  15. Mizuno M, Yoshida S, Iinuma M, Tanaka T, Tsuji K, Lang FA: Four flavonol glycosides from Achlys triphylla.

    Phytochemistry 31:301-3.

  16. Innocenti G, Vegeto E, Dall'acqua S, Ciana P, Giorgetti M, Agradi E, Sozzi A, Fico G, Tome F: In vitro estrogenic activity of Achillea millefolium L.

    Phytomedicine, in press. 2006 Jul 20;

  17. Cavalcanti AM, Baggio CH, Freitas CS, Rieck L, de Sousa RS, Da Silva-Santos JE, Mesia-Vela S, Marques MC: Safety and antiulcer efficacy studies of Achillea millefolium L. after chronic treatment in Wistar rats.

    J Ethnopharmacol 2006, 107:277-84.

  18. Jonadet M, Meunier MT, Villie F, Bastide JP, Lamaison JL: Flavonoids extracted from Ribes nigrum L. and Alchemilla vulgaris L.: 1. In vitro inhibitory activities on elastase, trypsin and chymotrypsin. 2. Angioprotective activities compared in vivo.

    J Pharmacol 1986, 17:21-7. Article in French

  19. Abu El, Ezz NM: Effect of Nigella sativa and Allium cepa oils on Trichinella spiralis in experimentally infected rats.

    J Egypt Soc Parasitol 2005, 35:511-23.

  20. Coppi A, Cabinian M, Mirelman D, Sinnis P: Antimalarial activity of allicin, a biologically active compound from garlic cloves.

    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 2006, 50:1731-7.

  21. Gamboa-Leon R, Paraguai de Souza E, Borja-Cabrera GP, Santos FN, Myashiro LM, Pinheiro RO, Dumonteil E, Palatnik-de-Sousa CB: Immunotherapy against visceral leishmaniasis with the nucleoside hydrolase-DNA vaccine of Leishmania donovani.

    Vaccine 2006, 24:4863-73.

  22. Iauk L, Lo Bue AM, Milazzo I, Rapisarda A, Blandino G: Antibacterial activity of medicinal plant extracts against periodontopathic bacteria.

    Phytother Res 2003, 17:599-604.

  23. Stavri M, Gibbons S: The antimycobacterial constituents of dill (Anethum graveolens).

    Phytother Res 2005, 19:938-41.

  24. Lopez P, Sanchez C, Batlle R, Nerin C: Solid- and vapor-phase antimicrobial activities of six essential oils: susceptibility of selected foodborne bacterial and fungal strains.

    Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 2005, 53:6939-6946.

  25. El Garhy MF, Mahmoud LH: Anthelminthic efficacy of traditional herbs on Ascaris lumbricoides.

    J Egypt Soc Parasitol 2002, 32:893-900.

  26. Pereira JV, Bergamo DC, Pereira JO, Franca Sde C, Pietro RC, Silva-Sousa YT: Antimicrobial activity of Arctium lappa constituents against microorganisms commonly found in endodontic infections.

    Braz Dent J 2005, 16:192-6.

  27. Iqbal Z, Lateef M, Ashraf M, Jabbar A: Anthelmintic activity of Artemisia brevifolia in sheep.

    J Ethnopharmacol 2004, 93:265-8.

  28. Habluetzel A, Carnevali F, Lucantoni L, Grana L, Attili AR, Archilei F, Antonini M, Valbonesi A, Abbadessa V, Esposito F, van der Esch SA: Impact of the botanical insecticide Neem Azal((R)) on survival and reproduction of the biting louse Damalinia limbata on angora goats.

    Vet Parasitol, in press. 2006 Dec 7

  29. Stermitz FR, Lorenz P, Tawara JN, Zenewicz LA, Lewis K: Synergy in a medicinal plant: antimicrobial action of berberine potentiated by 5'-methoxyhydnocarpin, a multidrug pump inhibitor.

    Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 2000, 97:1433-1437.

  30. Iizuka N, Oka M, Yamamoto K, Tangoku A, Miyamoto K, Miyamoto T, Uchimura S, Hamamoto Y, Okita K: Identification of common or distinct genes related to antitumor activities of a medicinal herb and its major component by oligonucleotide microarray.

    Int J Cancer 2003, 107:666-672.

  31. Choi SH, Cho SK, Kang SS, Bae CS, Bai YH, Lee SH, Pak SC: Effect of apitherapy in piglets with preweaning diarrhea.

    Am J Chin Med 2003, 31:321-326.

  32. Cho BJ, Im EK, Kwon JH, Lee KH, Shin HJ, Oh J, Kang SM, Chung JH, Jang Y: Berberine inhibits the production of lysophosphatidylcholine-induced reactive oxygen species and the ERK1/2 pathway in vascular smooth muscle cells.

    Mol Cells 2005, 20:429-34.

  33. [http://www.na.fs.fed.us/spfo/pubs/silvics_manual/Volume_1/picea/sitchensis.htm]

    Picea sitchensis (Bong) Carr.

  34. Rasser Falka, Anke Timma, Sterner Olov: Terpenoids from Bovista sp. 96042.

    Tetrahedron 2002, 58:7785-7789.

  35. Schneider WJ, Roehr M: Purification and properties of penicillin acylase of Bovista plumbea.

    Biochim Biophys Acta 1976, 452:177-85.

  36. Bekker NP, Ul'chenko NT, Glushenkova AI: Lipids of the aerial part of Capsella bursa-pastoris.

    Chemistry of Natural Compounds 2002, 38:610-611.

  37. Rosti L, Gastaldi G: Chronic salmonellosis and cinnamon.

    Pediatrics 2005, 116:1057.

  38. Wannissorm B, Jarikasen S, Siriwangchai T, Thubthimthed S: Antibacterial properties of essential oils from Thai medicinal plants.

    Fitoterapia 2005, 76:233-236.

  39. Yuste J, Fung DY: Inactivation of Salmonella typhimurium and Escherichia coli 0157:H7 in apple juice by a combination of nisin and cinnamon.

    J Food Prot 2004, 67:371-377.

  40. Azumi S, Tanimura A, Tanamoto K: A novel inhibitor of bacterial endotoxin derived from cinnamon bark.

    Biochem Biophys Res Commun 1997, 234:506-510.

  41. Zenner L, Callait MP, Granier C, Chauve C: In vitro effect of essential oils from Cinnamomum aromaticum, citrus lemon and Allium sativum on two intestinal flagellates of poultry, Tetratrichomonas gallinarum and Histomonasmeleagridis.

    Parasite 2003, 10:153-157.

  42. Shukla Y, Arora A: Suppression of altered hepatic foci development by curcumin in wistar rats.

    Nutr Cancer 2003, 45:53-9.

  43. Selvam C, Jachak SM, Thilagavathi R, Chakraborti AK: Design, synthesis, biological evaluation and molecular docking of curcumin analogues as antioxidant, cyclooxygenase inhibitory and anti-inflammatory agents.

    Bioorg Med Chem Lett 2005, 15:1793-7.

  44. Anto RJ, George J, Babu KV, Rajasekharan KN, Kuttan R: Antimutagenic and anticarcinogenic activity of natural and synthetic curcuminoids.

    Mutat Res 1996, 370:127-31.

  45. Roth GN, Chandra A, Nair MG: Novel bioactivities of Curcuma longa constituents.

    J Nat Prod 1998, 61:542-5.

  46. Olajide OA: Investigation of the effects of selected medicinal plants on experimental thrombosis.

    Phytother Res 1999, 13:231-2.

  47. Jantan I, Zaki ZM, Ahmad AR, Ahmad R: Evaluation of smoke from mosquito coils containing Malaysian plants against Aedes aegypti.

    Fitoterapia 1999, 70:237-243.

  48. Trongtokit Y, Rongsriyam Y, Komalamisra N, Apiwathnasorn C: Comparative repellency of 38 essential oils against mosquito bites.

    Phytother Res 2005, 19:303-9.

  49. Ammar H, López S, González J, Ranilla M: Comparison between analytical methods and biological assays for the assessment of tannin-related antinutritive effects in some Spanish browse species.

    Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 2004, 84:1349-1356.

  50. McKey D: Adaptive patterns in alkaloid physiology.

    American Naturalist 1974, 108:305-320.

  51. Pugsley MK, Saint DA, Hayes E, Berlin KD, Walker MJ: The cardiac electrophysiological effects of sparteine and its analogue BRB-I-28 in the rat.

    Eur J Pharmacol 1995, 294:319-27.

  52. Shaalan EA, Canyon DV, Younes MW, Abdel-Wahab H, Mansour AH: Efficacy of eight larvicidal botanical extracts from Khaya senegalensis and Daucus carota against Culex annulirostris.

    J Am Mosq Control Assoc 2006, 22:433-6.

  53. Freier DO, Wright K, Klein K, Voll D, Dabiri K, Cosulich K, George R: Enhancement of the humoral immune response by Echinacea purpurea in female Swiss mice.

    Immunopharmacol Immunotoxicol 2003, 25:551-60.

  54. Kiss A, Kowalski J, Melzig MF: Compounds from Epilobium angustifolium inhibit the specific metallopeptidases ACE, NEP and APN.

    Planta Med 2004, 70:919-23.

  55. Battinelli L, Tita B, Evandri MG, Mazzanti G: Antimicrobial activity of Epilobium spp. extracts.

    Farmaco 2001, 56:345-8.

  56. Tita B, Abdel-Haq H, Vitalone A, Mazzanti G, Saso L: Analgesic properties of Epilobium angustifolium, evaluated by the hot plate test and the writhing test.

    Farmaco 2001, 56:341-3.

  57. Broudiscou LP, Lassalas B: Effects of Lavandula officinalis and Equisetum arvense dry extracts and isoquercitrin on the fermentation of diets varying in forage contents by rumen microorganisms in batch culture.

    Reprod Nutr Dev 2000, 40:431-40.

  58. Fichi G, Flamini G, Giovanelli F, Otranto D, Perrucci S: Efficacy of an essential oil of Eugenia caryophyllata against Psoroptes cuniculi.

    Exp Parasitol 2006, in press.

  59. Burt SA, Reinders RD: Antibacterial activity of selected plant essential oils against Escherichia coli O157:H7.

    Letters in Applied Microbiology 2003, 36:162-167.

  60. Feres M, Figueiredo LC, Barreto IM, Coelho MN, Araujo MW, Cortelli SC: In vitro antimicrobial activity of plant extracts and propolis in saliva samples of healthy and periodontally-involved subjects.

    Journal International Academy Periodontology 2005, 7:90-96.

  61. Larhsini M, Oumoulid L, Lazrek HB, Wataleb S, Bousaid M, Bekkouche K, Jana K: Antibacterial activity of some Moroccan medicinal plants.

    Phytotherapy Research 2001, 15:250-252.

  62. Ranasinghe L, Jayawardena B, Abeywickrama K: Fungicidal activity of essential oils of Cinnamomum zeylanicum (L.) and Syzygium aromaticum (L.) Merr et L.M. Perry against rot and anthracnose pathogens isolated from banana.

    Letters in Applied Microbiology 2002, 35:208-211.

  63. Gayoso CW, Lima EO, Olivera VT, Pereira FO, Souza EL, Lima EL, Navarro DF: Sensitivity of fungi isolated from onichomicosis to Eugenia caryophyllata essential oil and eugenol.

    Fitoterapia 2005, 76:247-249.

  64. Chami F, Chami N, Bennis S, Bouchikhi T, Remmal A: Oregano and clove essential oils induce surface alteration of Saccharomyces cerevesieae.

    Phytotherapy Research 2005, 19:405-408.

  65. Shuya C, Shengda Q, Xingguo C, Zhide H: Identification and determination of effective components in Euphrasia regelii by capillary zone electrophoresis.

    Biomed Chromatogr 2004, 18:857-61.

  66. Stoss M, Michels C, Peter E, Beutke R, Gorter RW: Prospective cohort trial of Euphrasia single-dose eye drops in conjunctivitis.

    Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine 2000, 6:499-508.

  67. Ruperez P, Ahrazem O, Leal JA: Potential antioxidant capacity of sulfated polysaccharides from the edible marine brown seaweed Fucus vesiculosus.

    J Agric Food Chem 2002, 50:840-5.

  68. Acuña UM, Atha DE, Ma J, Nee MH, Kennelly EJ: Antioxidant capacities of ten edible North American plants.

    Phytother Res 2002, 16:63-5.

  69. Bennett JN, Prescott CE: Organic and inorganic nitrogen nutrition of western red cedar, western hemlock and salal in mineral N-limited cedar-hemlock forests.

    Oecologia 2004, 141:468-76.

  70. Baser KHC, Ozek T, Kirimer N, Deliorman D, Ergun F: Composition of the essential oils of Galium aparine L. and Galium odoratum (L.) Scop. from Turkey.

    Journal of Essential Oil Research 2004, 16:305-307.

  71. Fazio S, Pouso J, Dolinsky D, Fernandez A, Hernandez M, Clavier G, Hecker M: Tolerance, safety and efficacy of Hedera helix extract in inflammatory bronchial diseases under clinical practice conditions: A prospective, open, multicentre postmarketing study in 9657 patients.

    Phytomedicine 2006, in press.

  72. Facino RM, Carini M, Stefani R, Aldini G, Saibene L: Anti-elastase and anti-hyaluronidase activities of saponins and sapogenins from Hedera helix, Aesculus hippocastanum, and Ruscus aculeatus: factors contributing to their efficacy in the treatment of venous insufficiency.

    Arch Pharm (Weinheim) 1995, 328:720-4.

  73. Kankofer M, Wiercinski J, Fidecki M: Activity of hyaluronidase in placental tissues from cows with and without retained fetal membranes.

    Zentralbl Veterinarmed A 1998, 45:337-41.

  74. Custers JH, Harrison SJ, Sela-Buurlage MB, van Deventer E, Lageweg W, Howe PW, van der Meijs PJ, Ponstein AS, Simons BH, Melchers LS, Stuiver MH: Isolation and characterisation of a class of carbohydrate oxidases from higher plants, with a role in active defence.

    Plant J 2004, 39:147-60.

  75. Konarev AV, Anisimova IN, Gavrilova VA, Vachrusheva TE, Konechnaya GY, Lewis M, Shewry PR: Serine proteinase inhibitors in the Compositae: distribution, polymorphism and properties.

    Phytochemistry 2002, 59:279-91.

  76. Anjum T, Bajwa R: A bioactive annuionone from sunflower leaves.

    Phytochemistry 2005, 66:1919-21.

  77. Lavagna SM, Secci D, Chimenti P, Bonsignore L, Ottaviani A, Bizzarri B: Efficacy of Hypericum and Calendula oils in the epithelial reconstruction of surgical wounds in childbirth with caesarean section.

    Farmaco 2001, 56:451-3.

  78. Gao R, Gao C, Tian X, Yu X, Di X, Xiao H, Zhang X: Insecticidal activity of deoxypodophyllotoxin, isolated from Juniperus sabina L, and related lignans against larvae of Pieris rapae L.

    Pest Manag Sci 2004, 60:1131-6.

  79. Jimenez-Arellanes A, Meckes M, Ramirez R, Torres J, Luna-Herrera J: Activity against multidrug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis in Mexican plants used to treat respiratory diseases.

    Phytother Res 2003, 17:903-8.

  80. Choi WS, Park BS, Ku SK, Lee SE: Repellent activities of essential oils and monoterpenes against Culex pipiens pallens.

    J Am Mosq Control Assoc 2002, 18:348-51.

  81. Traboulsi AF, Taoubi K, el-Haj S, Bessiere JM, Rammal S: Insecticidal properties of essential plant oils against the mosquito Culex pipiens molestus (Diptera: Culicidae).

    Pest Manag Sci 2002, 58:491-5.

  82. Gürbüz I, Ozkan AM, Yeşilada E, Kutsal O: Anti-ulcerogenic activity of some plants used in folk medicine of Pinarbasi (Kayseri, Turkey).

    J Ethnopharmacol 2005, 101:313-8.

  83. Shale TL, Stirk WA, van Staden J: Variation in antibacterial and anti-inflammatory activity of different growth forms of Malva parviflora and evidence for synergism of the anti-inflammatory compounds.

    J Ethnopharmacol 2005, 96:325-30.

  84. McKay DL, Blumberg JB: A review of the bioactivity and potential health benefits of chamomile tea (Matricaria recutita L.).

    Phytother Res 2006, 20:519-30.

  85. Hintze KJ, Lardy GP, Marchello MJ, Finley JW: Selenium accumulation in beef: effect of dietary selenium and geographical area of animal origin.

    J Agric Food Chem 2002, 50:3938-42.

  86. Ferrini AM, Mannoni V, Aureli P, Salvatore G, Piccirilli E, Ceddia T, Pontieri E, Sessa R, Oliva B: Melaleuca alternifolia essential oil possesses potent anti-staphylococcal activity extended to strains resistant to antibiotics.

    Int J Immunopathol Pharmacol 2006, 19:539-44.

  87. Carson CF, Hammer KA, Riley TV: Melaleuca alternifolia (Tea Tree) oil: a review of antimicrobial and other medicinal properties.

    Clin Microbiol Rev 2006, 19:50-62.

  88. Kennedy DO, Little W, Haskell CF, Scholey AB: Anxiolytic effects of a combination of Melissa officinalis and Valeriana officinalis during laboratory induced stress.

    Phytother Res 2006, 20:96-102.

  89. Cetin H, Cinbilgel I, Yanikoglu A, Gokceoglu M: Larvicidal activity of some labiatae (lamiaceae) plant extracts from Turkey.

    Phytother Res, in press. 2006 Sep 28

  90. Mazyad SA, El-Serougi AO, Morsy TA: The efficacy of the volatile oils of three plants for controlling Lucilia sericata.

    J Egypt Soc Parasitol 1999, 29:91-100.

  91. Aydin S, Beis R, Ozturk Y, Baser KH, Baser C: Nepetalactone: a new opioid analgesic from Nepeta caesarea Boiss.

    J Pharm Pharmacol 1998, 50:813-7.

  92. Calixto JB, Beirith A, Ferreira J, Santos AR, Filho VC, Yunes RA: Naturally occurring antinociceptive substances from plants.

    Phytother Res 2000, 14:401-18.

  93. Zheng W, Wang SY: Antioxidant activity and phenolic compounds in selected herbs.

    J Agric Food Chem 2001, 49:5165-70.

  94. Cianfrogna JA, Zangerl AR, Berenbaum MR: Effects of furanocoumarins on feeding behavior of parsnip webworms Depressaria pastinacella.

    J Chem Ecol 2002, 28:1365-75.

  95. Dussourd DE: Chemical stimulants of leaf-trenching by cabbage loopers: natural products, neurotransmitters, insecticides, and drugs.

    J Chem Ecol 2003, 29:2023-47.

  96. Ansari MA, Mittal PK, Razdan RK, Sreehari U: Larvicidal and mosquito repellent activities of Pine (Pinus longifolia, family: Pinaceae) oil.

    J Vector Borne Dis 2005, 42:95-9.

  97. Torras MA, Faura CA, Schonlau F, Rohdewald P: Antimicrobial activity of Pycnogenol.

    Phytother Res 2005, 19:647-8.

  98. Kaji K, Yoshida S, Nagata N, Yamashita T, Mizukoshi E, Honda M, Kojima Y, Kaneko S: An open-label study of administration of EH0202, a health-food additive, to patients with chronic hepatitis C.

    J Gastroenterol 2004, 39:873-8.

  99. Chiang LC, Chiang W, Chang MY, Lin CC: In vitro cytotoxic, antiviral and immunomodulatory effects of Plantago major and Plantago asiatica.

    Am J Chin Med 2003, 31:225-34.

  100. Grierson DS, Afolayan AJ: Antibacterial activity of some indigenous plants used for the treatment of wounds in the Eastern Cape, South Africa.

    J Ethnopharmacol 1999, 66:103-6.

  101. Hoque M, Somvanshi R, Singh GR, Mogha IV: Ultrasonographic evaluation of urinary bladder in normal, fern fed and enzootic bovine haematuria-affected cattle.

    J Vet Med A Physiol Pathol Clin Med 2002, 49:403-7.

  102. Leemon M, Samman S: A food-based systems approach to improve the nutritional status of Australian Aborigines: a focus on zinc.

    Ecology of Food and Nutrition 1999, 37:523-555.

  103. Obied WA, Mohamoud EN, Mohamed OSA: Portulaca oleracea (purslane): nutritive composition and clinico-pathological effects on Nubian goats.

    Small Ruminant Research 2003, 48:31-36.

  104. Subbotina MD, Timchenko VN, Vorobyov MM, Konunova YS, Aleksandrovih YS, Shushunov S: Effect of oral administration of tormentil root extract (Potentilla tormentilla) on rotavirus diarrhea in children: a randomized, double blind, controlled trial.

    Pediatr Infect Dis J 2003, 22:706-11.

  105. McCutcheon AR, Roberts TE, Gibbons E, Ellis SM, Babiuk LA, Hancock RE, Towers GH: Antiviral screening of British Columbian medicinal plants.

    J Ethnopharmacol 1995, 49:101-10.

  106. Chiu LC, Zhu W, Ooi VE: A polysaccharide fraction from medicinal herb Prunella vulgaris downregulates the expression of herpes simplex virus antigen in Vero cells.

    J Ethnopharmacol 2004, 93:63-8.

  107. Psotová J, Kolář M, Soušek J, Švagera Z, Vičar J, Ulrichová J: Biological activities of Prunella vulgaris extract.

    Phytother Res 2003, 17:1082-7.

  108. Jirovetz L, Buchbauer G: Seasonal depending variations of the composition and biological activities of Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) essential oils from Bulgaria.

    Scientia Pharmaceutica 2000, 68:323-328.

  109. Godzik S, Florkowski T, Piorek S, Sassen MMA: An attempt to determine the tissue contamination of Quercus robur L. and Pinus silvestri s L. Foliage by particulates from zinc and lead smelters.

    Environmental Pollution (1970) 1979, 18:97-106.

  110. Rojas-Vera J, Patel AV, Dacke CG: Relaxant activity of raspberry (Rubus idaeus) leaf extract in guinea-pig ileum in vitro.

    Phytother Res 2002, 16:665-8.

  111. Mancebo F, Hilje L, Mora GA, Castro VH, Salazar R: Biological activity of Ruta graveolens (Rutaceae) and Sechium pittieri (Cucurbitaceae) extracts on Hypsipyla grandella (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) larvae. [http://rbt.ots.ac.cr/]

    Revista de Biología Tropical 2001., 49(2):

  112. Biegert C, Wagner I, Ludtke R, Kotter I, Lohmuller C, Gunaydin I, Taxis K, Heide L: Efficacy and safety of willow bark extract in the treatment of osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis: results of 2 randomized double-blind controlled trials.

    Rheumatol 2004, 31:2121-30.

  113. Fiebich BL, Chrubasik S: Effects of an ethanolic salix extract on the release of selected inflammatory mediators in vitro.

    Phytomedicine 2004, 11:135-8.

  114. Chrubasik S, Eisenberg E, Balan E, Weinberger T, Luzzati R, Conradt C: Treatment of low back pain exacerbations with willow bark extract: A randomized double-blind study.

    Am J Med 2000, 109:9-14.

  115. Al-Hamood MH, Elbetieha A, Alkofahi A, Bataineh H: Reproductive toxicity potentials of Salvia fruticosa (Labiatae) in rats.

    J Ethnopharmacol 1998, 61:67-74. Erratum in: J Ethnopharmacol 1998; 63:265.

  116. El Sayed NY, Abdelbari EM, Mahmoud OM, Adam SE: The toxicity of Cassia senna to Nubian goats.

    Vet Q 1983, 5:80-5.

  117. Mitchell JM, Mengs U, McPherson S, Zijlstra J, Dettmar P, Gregson R, Tigner JC: An oral carcinogenicity and toxicity study of senna (Tinnevelly senna fruits) in the rat.

    Arch Toxicol 2006, 80:34-44.

  118. Trongtokit Y, Rongsriyam Y, Komalamisra N, Apiwathnasorn C: Comparative repellency of 38 essential oils against mosquito bites.

    Phytother Res 2005, 19:303-9.

  119. Szaufer-Hajdrych M, Goslinska O: The quantitative determination of phenolic acids and antimicrobial activity of Symphoricarpos albus (L.) Blake.

    Acta Pol Pharm 2004, 61:69-74.

  120. Duke JA, Ducellier J, Beckstrom-Sternberg S: Western Herbal Medicine: Traditional Materia Medica. In Wynn Complementary and Alternative Veterinary Medicine: Principles and Practice. Edited by: Allen M Schoen, Susan G. Mosby, St. Louis; 1998.

  121. Schutz K, Carle R, Schieber A: Taraxacum – a review on its phytochemical and pharmacological profile.

    J Ethnopharmacol 2006, 107:313-23.

  122. Djilas SM, Markov SL, Cvetkovic DD, Canadanovic-Brunet JM, Cetkovic GS, Tumbas VT: Antimicrobial and free radical scavenging activities of Teucrium montanum.

    Fitoterapia 2006, 77:401-3.

  123. Sharma P, Mohan L, Srivastava CN: Larvicidal potential of Nerium indicum and Thuja oriertelis extracts against malaria and Japanese encephalitis vector.

    J Environ Biol 2005, 26:657-60.

  124. Youn HJ, Lakritz J, Kim DY, Rottinghaus GE, Marsh AE: Anti-protozoal efficacy of medicinal herb extracts against Toxoplasma gondii and Neospora caninum.

    Vet Parasitol 2003, 116:7-14.

  125. Youn HJ, Noh JW: Screening of the anticoccidial effects of herb extracts against Eimeria tenella.

    Vet Parasitol 2001, 96:257-63.

  126. Gülçin I, Küfrevioğlu OI, Oktay M, Büyükokuroğlu ME: Antioxidant, antimicrobial, antiulcer and analgesic activities of nettle (Urtica dioica L.).

    J Ethnopharmacol 2004, 90:205-15.

  127. Harata K, Schubert WD, Muraki M: Structure of Urtica dioica agglutinin isolectin I: dimer formation mediated by two zinc ions bound at the sugar-binding site.

    Acta Crystallogr D Biol Crystallogr 2001, 57(Pt 11):1513-7.

  128. Lopatkin NA, Sivkov AV, Medvedev AA, Walter K, Schlefke S, Avdeichuk IuI, Golubev GV, Mel'nik KP, Elenberger NA, Engelman U: Combined extract of Sabal palm and nettle in the treatment of patients with lower urinary tract symptoms in double blind, placebo-controlled trial.

    Urologiia 2006, 12(2):14-9. [Article in Russian]

  129. Ingólfsdóttir K: Molecules of Interest: Usnic acid.

    Phytochemistry 2002, 61:729-36.

  130. Dobrescu D, Tanasescu M, Mezdrea A, Ivan C, Ordosch E, Neagoe F, Rizeanu A, Trifu L, Enescu V: Contributions to the complex study of some lichens-Usnea genus. Pharmacological studies on Usnea barbata and Usnea hirta species.

    Rom J Physiol 2003, 30:101-7.

  131. Hobbs C: Usnea: The herbal antibiotic. Capitola (CA): Botanic Press; 1986.

  132. Wang X, Sun H, Fan Y, Li L, Makino T, Kano Y: Analysis and bioactive evaluation of the compounds absorbed into blood after oral administration of the extracts of Vaccinium vitis-idaea in rat.

    Biol Pharm Bull 2005, 28:1106-8.

  133. Lee J, Finn CE, Wrolstad RE: Comparison of anthocyanin pigment and other phenolic compounds of Vaccinium membranaceum and Vaccinium ovatum native to the Pacific Northwest of North America.

    J Agric Food Chem 2004, 52:7039-44.

  134. Houghton PJ: The scientific basis for the reputed activity of Valerian.

    J Pharm Pharmacol 1999, 51:505-12.

  135. Serkedjieva J: Combined antiinfluenza virus activity of Flos verbasci infusion and amantadine derivatives.

    Phytother Res 2000, 14:571-4.

  136. Schaefer E, Peil H, Ambrosetti L, Petrini O: Oedema protective properties of the red vine leaf extract AS 195 (Folia vitis viniferae) in the treatment of chronic venous insufficiency. A 6-week observational clinical trial.

    Arzneimittelforschung 2003, 53:243-6.

  137. Velazquez DV, Xavier HS, Batista JE, de Castro-Chaves C: Zea mays L. extracts modify glomerular function and potassium urinary excretion in conscious rats.

    Phytomedicine 2005, 12:363-9.

  138. Lans C: Creole remedies of Trinidad and Tobago. [http://www.lulu.com/content/302210]

    Lulu.com 2006.

  139. Nostro A, Cellini L, Di Bartolomeo S, Cannatelli MA, Di Campli E, Procopio F, Grande R, Marzio L, Alonzo V: Effects of combining extracts (from propolis or Zingiber officinale) with clarithromycin on Helicobacter pylori.

    Phytother Res 2006, 20:187-90.

  140. Nagoshi C, Shiota S, Kuroda T, Hatano T, Yoshida T, Kariyama R, Tsuchiya T: Synergistic effect of [10]-gingerol and aminoglycosides against vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE).

    Biol Pharm Bull 2006, 29:443-7.


rating: 3.11 from 27 votes | updated on: 22 Jan 2008 | views: 42777 |

Rate article:







excellent!bad…