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An ethnobotanical study was conducted from October 2005 to June 2006 to investigate the …


Biology Articles » Ethnobiology » Ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used by people in Zegie Peninsula, Northwestern Ethiopia » Table 1

Table 1
- Ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used by people in Zegie Peninsula, Northwestern Ethiopia

Single medicinal plants treatment with parts used and preparation

Species
Family
Local Name
Use(s)
Parts used and preparation

Achyranthes aspera L.
Amaranthaceae
Telenzje
'shererit kusil' (Herpes zoster)
Chewing fresh leaves
      blood clotting
Dressing with crushed fresh leaves
Acokanthera schimperi (A. DC.) Schweinf.
Apocynaceae
Yemerz Enchet
'kusil'
Dressing with crushed whole plant
      'yetat merz' (bacterial infection of nail)
Dressing with crushed fresh root
Allium sativum L.
Alliaceae
Nech Shinkurt
'ayne maz' (eye sickness)
Rubbing with warmed bulb
      evil eye
Smelling aroma of bulb
Asparagus africanus Lam.
Asparagaceae
Yeset Kest
'sinfete wesib'
Root powder is eaten with chicken soup
Brucea antidysenterica J. F. Mill.
Simaroubaceae
Aballo (Waginos)
'bullad' (weight loss fever, itching, diarrhea)
Fruit powder mixed with honey and fermented for seven days is taken orally until cure
      'fintita sigelebet' (Haemorrhoids)
Fruit powder mixed with milk is taken orally for three days
      'mushuro' (weight loss, dysentery and fever)
Root powder mixed with honey is taken orally until cure
      dysentery
Juice of leaf is taken orally in the morning
      'chiffea' (Eczema)
Dressing with inner bark paste mixed with butter or oil
Calpurnia aurea (Alt.) Benth.
Fabaceae
Digita
'kuruba'
Leaves or Fruit powder mixed with water or honey is taken orally
Carica papaya L.
Caricaceae
Papaya
malaria
Juice of leaves is taken orally
Centella asiatica L.
Apiaceae
Yeayit Joro
swelling
Dressing with leaf paste
Clausena anisata (Willd.) Benth
Rutaceae
Limche
ear sickness
Juice of leaves is used as ear drop
Clausena anisata (Willd.) Benth
Rutaceae
Limche
stomachache
Chewing root
Clematis hirsuta Perr & Guill
Ranunculaceae
Azo Hareg
'mich'
Juice of fresh leaves is used as body lotion
      cough
Juice of leaves with butter of fat is taken orally
      swelling
Dressing with Leaf paste
Commelina sp.
Commelinaceae
Yemariam Wuha
allergic
Dressing with crushed fresh leaf
      ear infection
Juice of leaves as ear drop
Croton marcostachyus Del.
Euphorbiaceae
Bissana
'ekeke' (scabies)
Dressing with Crushed leaves mixed with butter or oil
      'kuruba'
Leaves are eaten with wat(Diarrhoea, dysentery, stomach disorder) (local soup)
      'wef beshita' (hepatitis, jaundice)
Leaf powder mixed with water is taken orally for seven days
      diarrhea
Leaf powder mixed with water is taken orally
      quaqucha (Tinea versicolor)
Rubbing and dressing with Latex from leaves
Cucumis ficifolius A. Rich.
Curcurbitaceae
Yemidir Embuay (Este Melecot)
'ayn bar tessa'
Chewing root
      'majrat getr' (meningitis)
Root powder mixed with honey taken orally
      'nessr' (epistaxis)
Juice of root applied though nose
      'wef beshita'
Root powder is taken mixed with skimmed milk or noug orally in the morning
      rabies
Root powder is eaten with tef kita
      stomachache, 'kuruba', umbilical cord labouring
Chewing root
Cussonia holstii Harms ex. Engl.
Araliaceae
Sila
burning
Dressing with crushed fresh leaves
Cyphostemma junceum (Webb) Decoings ex Wild & Drummond
Vitaceae
Etse Zewe
snake bite
Chewing roots
Datura stramonium
Solanaceae
Astenagir
swelling
Dressing with leaf paste
      tooth ache
Fresh leaves are boiled with water and the vapour is inhaled
      'fore fore' (dandruff)
Fresh leaves are used for rubbing and dressing
      'kusil'
Dressing with leaf paste
Dorstenia barnimiana Schwienf.
Moraceae
Work Bemeda
'wef beshita'
Root powder is taken with skimmed milk or noug orally in the morning
      'yeahya kintarot' (donkey's wart)
Dressing with root paste
      cancer
Making small opening and inserting the root
      rabies
Root powder is taken with skimmed milk or noug orally in the morning for seven days
      syphilis
Root powder is taken with honey orally in the morning
      weight loss, diarrhea and fever
Root powder mixed honey and fermented for seven days is taken orally in the morning until cured
Draceana steudeneri Engl.
Dracaenaceae
Etse Patos
evil eye
Root is burned and smoke is inhaled
Echinops kebericho Mesfin
Compositae
Kebercho
evil eye
Root powder is sprinkled on burning charcoal and smoke is inhaled
Euphorbia abyssinica J. F. Gmel.
Euphorbiaceae
Qulqwal
venereal diseases
Latex is eaten with tef of wheat kit
      'wef beshita'
Latex mixed with water is taken orally
      rabies
Root powder mixed water is taken orally
Euphorbia tirucalli L.
Euphorbiaceae
Kinchib
'kintarot'
Rubbing with latex and dressing
      'kusil'
Dressing with latex
Ferrula communis L.
Apiaceae
Dog
cough
Filtrate of boiled root mixed with honey taken orally until cured
Ficus thonningii Blume.
Moraceae
Chibha
'ayn bar tessa' (lose of appetite)
Root with Noug is eaten
      diarrhea
Chewing root
      stomachache
Chewing inner Bark
Glinus lotoides L.
Molluginaceae
Meterea
tapeworm
Fruit powder mixed with noug is taken orally
Gnidia glauca (Fresen)
Thymelaeaceae
Beto
rabies
Root powder mixed with skimmed milk is taken orally for seven days
Gossypium herbaceum L.
Malvaceae
Tit
snake bite
Chewing root
Hagenia abyssinica (Bruce) J. F. Gmel.
Rosaceae
Kosso
'kosso' (tape worm)
Powder mixed with water and fermented over night is taken orally in the morning
Helinu mystacinus (Ait.) E. Mey. ex Steud
Rhamnaceae
Esat Abered
burning
Dressing with crushed fresh leaves
Huernia concinna N. E. Br.
Asclepiadaceae
Yelam Tute
'kusil', swelling
Dressing with crushed fresh leaf
Impomea sp.
Convolvulaceae
Filatsut
babies' sickness
Bathing with crushed leaf and stem
      cancer
Making small opening and inserting the root
Indigofera spicata Forssk.
Fabaceae
Yebab Alenga
babies' sickness
Bathing with crushed fresh leaf and stem
      stomachache
Chewing root
Justicia schimperiana (Hochst. ex A. Nees) T. Anders
Acanthaceae
Sensel (Smiza)
'wef beshita', 'kuruba'
Juice of leaves is taken orally
      evil eye
Smelling the aroma of fresh root
Kalanchoe petitana A. Rich.
Crassulaceae
Endehuahula
swelling
Making small opening and inserting the root
Millettia ferruginea (Hochst.) Bark
Fabaceae
Birbira
'mujelea' (chigger)
Dressing with fruit paste mixed with butter
      'tfre metmte' (bacterial infection of nails)
Dressing with leaf paste
      'yejoro kunkun' (earache)
Juice of leaves or stem is used as ear drop
      amoeba
Fruits powder mixed with honey is taken orally
Mimusops kummel Bruce ex. DC.
Sapotaceae
Eshe
amoeba
Eating fruits
Momordica foetida Schumach
Cucurbitaceae
Qura Hareg
'zuresh' (babies sickness)
Bathing with crushed fresh root
Myrtus communis L.
Myrtaceae
Ades
'fore fore' (Dandruff)
Bathing with crushed fresh leaves
      diarrhea, stomach disorder
Juice of leaf is taken orally in the morning
Ocimum lamiifolium Hochst.
Lamiaceae
Dama Kesse
'kusil'
Fresh crushed leaves dressing
Ocimum lamiifolium Hochst.
Lamiaceae
Dama Kesse
'kusil'
Dressing with Bark paste
      'mich'
Juice of leaves is taken with coffee orally
Pergularia daemia L.
Asclepiadaceae
Yeayit Hareg
snake bite
Making small cut at location and inserting root
Phytolacca dodecandra L'Herit
Phytolaceae
Endod (Male)
'kuruba'
Root or leaf powder mixed with water is taken orally
      'kusil'
Dressing with Fruit paste
      'wef beshita'
Leaf powder mixed with water is taken orally
      rabies
Root paste is taken with tef kita in the morning for seven days
Plumbago zeylanicum L.
Plumbaginaceae
Amira
'kurtimat' (rheumatic Pain)
Fresh leaves are boiled and the filtrate is taken with honey orally for seven days
      cancer
Root powder mixed with digne (sulphur) is applied
      cough
Fresh leaves are boiled and the filtrate is taken with fermented butter orally
      snake bite
Chewing Leaves
      swelling
Dressing with root paste
Podocarpus gracilis
Podocarpaceae
Zigba
vomiting
Juice of leaves is taken orally
Rhamnus prinoides L.
Rhamnaceae
Gesho
'chiffea' (Eczema)
Appling leaf paste mixed with butter as ointment
Ricinus communis L.
Euphorbiaceae
Kachima
'kuruba'
Juice of root is taken orally
      tooth ache
Chewing fresh root
Rumex nepalensis Spreng.
Polygonaceae
Tult
'entil siwerd' (tonsillitis), 'kuruba'
Juice of root is taken orally
      umbilical cord labouring
Tying fresh root around west
Ruta chalepensis L.
Rutaceae
Tena Adam
evil eye
Smelling aroma of fresh leaf and stem
      flue
Juice of leaves is taken with coffee
Sansevieria erythraeae Mattei
Dracaenaceae
Algeti/cheret
'sinfete wesib' (impotence)
Root powder is taken with tef potage
Sida ternata L. F.
Malvaceae
Yemidir Hareg
'lashet' (fungal disease)
Dressing with crushed fresh leaves
Solanum marginatum L.f
Solanaceae
Geber Embuay
'kusil', swelling
Dressing with crushed fresh root
Stephania abyssinica (Dillon. & A. Rich.) Walp.
Menispermaceae
Kib Kitel (Etse Eyesus)
'kuruba'
Juice of root is taken orally
      babies' sickness
Juice of leaves mixed with butter is taken orally
      stomachache
Juice of leaf and stem is taken orally
      'kintarot'
Dressing with stem paste
      'girfita' (fever, headache)
Bathing with crushed fresh leaves
Stereospermum kunthianum
Bignoniaceae
Zana
'kola kusil' (infected cut or wound)
Dressing with Bark paste
Taverniera abyssinica A. Rich
Fabaceae
Dingetegna
Vomiting, dysentery
Chewing root
Verbascum sinaiticum Benth.
Scrophulariaceae
Daba Keded
'kusil'
Dressing with Fresh crushed leaves
      diarrhea, stomachache
Juice of root is taken orally
Verbena officinalis L.
Verbenaceae
Atuch
'gusmit' (stomach disorder)
Juice of leaves is taken orally
      'yeshererit beshita' (Herpes zoster)
Dressing with leaf paste
      ear sickness
Juice of fruit with olive oil is used as ear drop
      evil eye
Smelling of aroma of fresh root
      snake bite
Chewing root
      stomachache
Chewing root
      'wesfat' (ascaris)
Juice of root is taken orally
Vernonia adoensis Sch. Bip. ex Walp.
Asteraceae
Este Mossa
menstrual disorders
Root are chewed with honey
Vernonia amygdalina Del.
Asteraceae
Girawa
'entil siwerd' (Tonsillitis)
Juice of leaf is taken orally
      'likift' (devil sickness, madness)
Root is burned and smoke is inhaled
      'satan beshita' (devil sickness)
Bathing with crushed fresh leaves
      evil eye, 'satan beshita', 'tesbo beshita' (epidemic disease)
Root powder is sprinkled on burning charcoal and smoke is inhaled
Ximenia americana L.
Olacaceae
Enkoye
'entil siwerd' (tonsillitis)
Juice of bark is taken orally
      'kusil'
Dressing with bark paste
Zehneria scabra
Asteraceae
Hareg Ressa (Este Sabek, Shahirit)
'mich'
Leaves and stem are boiled and the vapour is inhaled and bathing
      'kintarot' (wart)
Pressing with warmed stem
Zingiber officinale Rosc.
Zingiberaceae
Zinjible
stomachache
Chewing rhizome


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