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Time and communication are important aspects of the medical consultation.


Biology Articles » Bioethics » Ethics takes time, but not that long » Tables

Tables
- Ethics takes time, but not that long

Table 1

Characteristics of study participants

Background Characteristics
Frequency
Mean
Patient Age

3.2


Range = 0–12
Patient


     Male
18

     Female
3

Accompanying parent's age

39


Range = 24–57
Parent occupation


     Blue collar
11

     White collar
4

     Unemployed/student/retired
3

Parental perceived risk*

.7
Parental worry*

1.5
Characteristics of Consultation


Medical students present
6

Uncertainty of diagnosis
6

Decision to operate
14

*rated on a five point scale where 0 = not at all and 4 = very much

Hansson et al. BMC Medical Ethics 2007 8:6   doi:10.1186/1472-6939-8-6

Table 2

Pearson correlation analyses of ethical components directed towards the parent in relation to consultation characteristics


Information
Understanding
Respect for Integrity
Decision Making
Positive nonverbal behaviors by physicians
.54**
.46*
.60**
.49*
Time:




     pre-examination
.37
.39
.45*
.41
     examination
.26
.40
.36
.60**
     post-examination
.81***
.66**
.77***
.71***
     total
.66**
.67**
.75***
.77***
Medical student present
-.07
-.25
-.23
-.28
Uncertainty of diagnosis
.43*
.34
.40
.62**
Child age
.22
.24
.31
.34
Physician gender
.20
.47*
.42
.44*

*p

**p

***p

Hansson et al. BMC Medical Ethics 2007 8:6   doi:10.1186/1472-6939-8-6

Table 3

Multiple regression analyses


Positive nonverbal behaviors by physicians
Total consultation time

controlled for*

t
p Beta
t
p Beta
Model Adjusted R2

Information
1.96
.07
.35
2.12
.05
.43
.48
Uncertainty of diagnosis
Understanding
1.03
ns
.19
2.26
.01
.52
.44
Physician gender
Respect for Integrity
2.40
.03
.36
4.03
.001
.60
.63
--
Decision Making
1.58
ns
.23
2.50
.02
.43
.68
Physician gender, Uncertainty of diagnosis**

*controlling for factors that were significant in Table 2

** Uncertainty of diagnosis significant (t = 2.64, p β =.39)

Hansson et al. BMC Medical Ethics 2007 8:6   doi:10.1186/1472-6939-8-6


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