Female literacy rate was 36% while male literacy rate was 63% and female to male ratio was 0.57%.The enrollment in primary education for female was 56% while for male was 76% and enrollment ratio of female to male was 0.73%. Similarly enrollment ratio of female to male at secondary level was 0.73%. The enrollment in tertiary education for female was 3% while for male was 4% and enrollment ratio of female to male was 0.80% (Gender Gap Report 2006).The Report of the Government of Pakistan, 1998 reflects the huge gender gap in literacy rate Gender Gap Report 2006s as: the literacy rate for female was 52.2% and for male was 74.3% in urban areas while female literacy was 19.1% against literacy rate of male 48.6%.The gender disparities also presented with the number of institutions at primary, middle and high level .Table below shows the institutions by year and gender .It reflects that there exists a great difference in the number .
Azam, Z (1993) pointed out that exploitation of the women in different ways exists in both east and west and indicate an important point that country remains backward if the half of the population is not playing its role in the national development.
Women are about 50% of humanity. In Pakistan they are over 50% (52%) of the total population. It is but logical to state that no society can progress where half of its population is kept backward-prevented from playing its due role in social change, human development and social progress. Yet the reality remains that the women continues to be exploited in the different ways, both in the east and west. The situations and circumstances vary and the methods of exploitation are different.
This backwardness of the women is due to the non-equal chances to education n of the women. There may be equal chances to education for male- female the development of the country may be doubled. There may economic revolution in the country, if the gender disparities in the literacy rate minimized to zero as in Sri Lanka. The above data presents the picture that he formal system of education is providing inadequate facilities to female education as the number of institutions are less than the boys. The enrollment of the girls is less than the boys at primary, middle and high level. This unequal situation in the country put the women backward and women are lagging behind of the men. There is need of another system of education with equal opportunities of education to male and female. We need a system to remove injustice in gender. Such system of education is ‘Distance System of Education’.