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The purpose of this study was to describe the characteristics and developments …


Biology Articles » Bioethics » An eight-year follow-up national study of medical school and general hospital ethics committees in Japan » Tables

Tables
- An eight-year follow-up national study of medical school and general hospital ethics committees in Japan

Table 1

Respondents to the medical school survey


1995
2002

N = 80
%
N = 62
%
Sex




Male
80
100
60
96.8
Female
0
0.0
2
3.2
Age




30's
2
2.5
0
0.0
40's
5
6.3
4
6.5
50's
15
18.8
17
27.4
60's
54
67.5
40
64.5
70's
1
1.3
1
1.6
NA
3
3.8
0
0.0
Committee Position




Committee chair
67
83.8
52
83.8
Committee co-chair
3
3.8
4
6.5
Member
3
3.8
6
9.7
Other
5
6.3
0
0.0
NA
2
2.5
0
0.0
University Type




National University
32
40
25
40.3
National College
19
23.8
15
24.2
Private University
11
13.8
5
8.1
Private College
18
22.5
17
27.4

Akabayashi et al. BMC Medical Ethics 2007 8:8   doi:10.1186/1472-6939-8-8

Table 2

Respondents to the general hospital survey


1996
2002

N = 743
%
N = 464
%
Sex




Male
624
84.0
418
90.1
Female
7
0.9
0
0.0
NA
112
15.1
46
9.9
Age




20's
0
0.0
1
0.2
30's
17
2.3
3
0.6
40's
85
11.4
44
9.5
50's
255
34.3
156
33.6
60's
325
43.7
233
50.2
70's
37
5.0
12
2.6
NA
24
3.2
15
3.2
Hospital Position




Chief of Staff
536
72.1
364
78.4
Co-chief of Staff
110
14.8
57
12.3
Physician
46
6.2
23
5.0
Administrator
23
3.1
10
2.2
Other
6
0.8
2
0.4
NA
22
3.0
8
1.7
Hospital Type




National
97
13.1
46
9.9
Public
326
43.9
270
58.1
Private
265
35.7
140
30.2
Other
35
4.7
0
0.0
NA
20
2.7
8
1.7

Akabayashi et al. BMC Medical Ethics 2007 8:8   doi:10.1186/1472-6939-8-8

Table 3

Characteristics of ethics committees


Medical School
Characteristics
Mean ± SD
Range
Total members
10.4 ± 2.6
6–22
External members (outside of medical school but within same college/university)
1.3 ± 1.3
0–6
External members (outside of same college/university)
1.4 ± 1.1
0–5
Female members
0.6 ± 0.9
0–6
Discipline of EC members


Basic medicine
2.7 ± 1.1
1–8
Clinical medicine
4.0 ± 1.6
1–8
Other medicine
0.7 ± 1.1
0–4
Nursing
0.3 ± 0.6
0–3
Other healthcare field
0.1 ± 0.4
0–3
Law
1.0 ± 0.6
0–3
Philosophy/Ethics
0.5 ± 0.6
0–3
Other Humanities and/or Social Sciences
0.4 ± 0.7
0–3
Administrative
0.2 ± 0.6
0–4
Other
0.5 ± 0.9
0–4

Akabayashi et al. BMC Medical Ethics 2007 8:8   doi:10.1186/1472-6939-8-8

Table 4

Characteristics of ethics committees


General Hospital
Characteristics
Mean ± SD
Range
Total members
10.3 ± 4.9
4–27
External members
1.2 ± 1.4
0–8
Female members
1.3 ± 1.3
0–8
Discipline


Chief of staff
0.7 ± 0.04
0–1
Co-chief of staff
1.4 ± 0.9
0–4
Physician
4.1 ± 4.3
0–18
Nurse
1.2 ± 1.0
0–7
Co-medical staff
0.5 ± 0.9
0–5
Administrator
0.5 ± 1.0
0–4
Attorney/Consultant
0.4 ± 0.6
0–3
Philosopher/Ethicist
0.3 ± 0.6
0–4
Other
0.4 ± 0.9
0–6

Akabayashi et al. BMC Medical Ethics 2007 8:8   doi:10.1186/1472-6939-8-8

Table 5

Activities at medical school ECs 1995 (n = 80)

(%)
Review of clinical research related to treatment with patients as subjects
74(92.5)
Review of clinical research unrelated to treatment with patients as subjects
62(77.5)
Review of clinical research with non-patients as subjects
58(72.5)
Review of basic research with animals as subjects
16(20.0)
Issuing of a committee approval certificate for the editorial board of an academic journal
27(33.8)
Policy-making
66(82.5)
Consultation
14(17.5)
Education
17(21.3)

Akabayashi et al. BMC Medical Ethics 2007 8:8   doi:10.1186/1472-6939-8-8

Table 6

Activities at hospital ECs 1996 (n = 180)

(%)
Review of clinical research related to treatment with patients as subjects
127(70.6)
Review of clinical research unrelated to treatment with patients as subjects
52(28.9)
Review of clinical research with non-patients as subjects
34(18.9)
Review of basic research with animals as subjects
9(0.5)
Issuing of a committee approval certificate for the editorial board of an academic journal
19(10.6)
Policy making
99(55.5)
Consultation
58(32.2)
Education
30(16.7)

Akabayashi et al. BMC Medical Ethics 2007 8:8   doi:10.1186/1472-6939-8-8


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