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Biology Articles » Evolutionary Biology » An Effort to Explain the Process of Body Formation » Chapter 7

Chapter 7
- An Effort to Explain the Process of Body Formation

When the slug body has been built up it constitutes a biological individual and is reacting upon the environmental pressure. How are the cells being ruled by the superior function, i.e. how is its “will” mediated to the cells?

In normal bodies the influence of the superior function is mediated by chemical feedback, chemical signals of different kind among others.

Within the slug there can hardly exist such in a developed manner. It is difficult for me to imagine that the slug would be able to develop any simple function that would correspond to functions of normal bodies, but I can neither exclude it.

It is hopeless for me to try to come any further in the discussion and to establish any scenarios concerning the slime molds. I have to restrict myself to state that the operation control from the superior function is functioning through some chemical or other communication that in turn causes the slug to continue its simple program.

Even the reactions of the cells upon the communication of the superior function ought to be investigated. There must be something that at the slime molds is substituting the management of normal bodies. Which force is activated? How are the cells being activated? As a hypothesis I can propose e.g. the following: At the cells maybe such a force can have been established in connection with the level rise and the transition into altruism. The example with Bettelheims prisoners may point to a part of the answer. When their situation became catastrophic they abandoned their selfishness and became altruistic. They were captured by an euphoric feeling in that they gave up all their private concerns and that feeling sufficed in just that case as long as the catastrophic situation endured. A correspondence to that feeling on an elementary, almost molecular level can have developed among the cells and became activated in connection with the operation control by the superior function. This hypothetic euphoria on the molecular level may be the “reward” the superior function is using in order to manage the cells. (Cf. Ch. 11). The both examples seem to that extent similar due to their basic elements that maybe one has to search for the explanation in that direction. Our activities we use to describe in terms of behaviour, even though it is obvious that everything has an outermost ground. It would be considered meaningless by us to search for the molecular biological connections in human actions. It is therefore, according to my opinion, not wrong to describe cell activities in connection with level rises in terms of behaviour as long as their behaviour can be discerned and judged. I think that this is possible just with respect to the level rising activities of the slime molds. Therefore I have made some intellectual experiments starting from their hypothetic feelings and consciousness.

The degrees of freedom of these cells are a necessary prerequisite for meaningful intellectual experiments to be performed. The functions of normal bodies on the contrary can not be elucidated similarly through feeling insight or observation and the reason is that everything occurs conformable to law, without degrees of freedom.

Which conditions are valid for the relationship between the cells and the superior function? As a hypothesis one might think of the functions of the cells as divided into an external and an internal side, which does not mean that those parts shall be regarded as physically apart, but with respect to their functions. This division can facilitate the understanding of how the slug is ruling the cells.

The external part of the slug includes these reactions upon the environmental pressure. At the external part of the cells the environmental pressure is being replaced by the rule the superior function is performing. How about the internal side of the slug then? To this I count the communication that takes place to the external part of the cells.

When I am talking about “rule” and “actions”, it is of course a question of programmed courses. That can become changed over time according to the doctrine of evolution.

Because the system includes degrees of freedom one can allow an intellectual experiment concerning the consciousness of of cells and bodies. That hypothetical consciousness would be thought of as existing within the external part of the slug and be due to the environmental pressure. Besides, in that case also a corresponding consciousness would exist with respect to the impulses from the superior function of the slug.

The cells perceive the slug only through its rule, its “orders” which they perceive as instincts.

Any apprehension of the slug as such, or of the outer world with respect to the slug, is not conceivable by the cells.

The contact between the slug and the cells is one-way, from the slug to the cell. Contacts in the opposite direction are not possible, since the slug belongs to a higher level.

The relationship between the external and the external parts of the slug and the cells respectively can be visualized through the aid of Picture 5. The whole lapse is contained within every cell, but by practical reasons it must be recorded with the slug and the cells separated.

In the picture it has been marked that the communication is one-way.


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