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In this paper a model for body formation is proposed, to a …
Biology Articles » Evolutionary Biology » An Effort to Explain the Process of Body Formation » Chapter 10
I had not been able to concretize the phenomenon and I was at that moment unable to see the
“simple” explanation that there were some inherent properties of populations that brought
about the level rise. Even though I had been able to localize the effect, it is not for that sake
less difficult to explain.
- * -
I have given account for three cases of body formation. The first example was the temporary
level rise that prisoners of Bettelheim experienced, as they had been subject to a catastrophe
threat. That sudden level rise that was manifested by their ‘almost orgiastic’ feeling of
happiness endured as long as the threat persisted. According to my point of view, the
experience of the prisoners implied the origin of a temporary “body” with a temporary
This kind of events is very likely not rare in the nature among populations facing an imminent
threat and the reaction may possibly have the effect that the population is being saved. Thus
far it is a trivial, generally applicable phenomenon. Any permanent body formation is not
possible here but it is important to state that the reactions of the prisoners correspond to the
opening part of the body formation that is being described in chapter 3.
From the example above it is also shown that the options for a population to transform into a
higher level is not dependent of genetic identity of its members. Instead, it is a prerequisite for
a permanent body formation.
The two other cases are only concerning permanent body formation. Even here it seems to
exist the same starting point as for the prisoners at the start of their temporary body formation:
a population facing an imminent threat of some kind.
These three examples would give rise to the hypothesis that populations get properties that go
beyond what specific individuals can perform. These can according to the doctrine of
evolution only perform selfishness and hence, it is impossible to draw any conclusions from
the properties of individual cells, as they belong to a population.
Individual members of a population would therefore under the influence of a catastrophe
situation be able to make a transition to an altruistic state at a higher level and with a superior
function that is ruling their behaviour. This is something new beyond the doctrine of evolution,
an opportunity that is being opened for life, a leap in the development.
That altruism is a consequence of the process of level rise. The selfishness of the recently
formed body must be balanced by the cells that become altruistic (cf. Chapter 5).
The opportunity of a level rise for populations, with the phenomena that follow, is not in
accordance with the doctrine of evolution; it may be regarded as an appendix.
There is a complication concerning the ability of populations for a level rise – they can not by
an effort of themselves make a transition to a higher level; it would be equivalent to lift
oneself in the hair.
The process seems to be unable to start if not first its members have been subject to a superior
pressure; the catastrophe threat is a necessary part of the process. It must therefore exist an
externally entering and of the population itself independent threat in order to trig the process.
That is an independent precondition for al level rise. Common for all the three cases is also
that the threat can not be eliminated through escape. The populations are not enclosed within
boarders of some kind that not without further notice can be forced.
In the case of Bettelheim’s prisoners it is the imprisonment within the camp that constitutes
the boarder and the behaviour of the matrons that is trigging the reaction. That reaction
implies the origin of a very temporary body. Any solution to their problem is not to be found
here. When the threat came to an end, everything was returning rapidly to the original state.
A necessary precondition for the appearance of a lasting body formation is that the
catastrophe threat can be repeated in all the following generations. This recurrence of the
catastrophes is an unavoidable link in the chain of events and is built in to the system of
lasting bodies. It seems to be balanced, hence disturbances are avoided.
What is happening during the initial phase in connection with normal body formation is
difficult to observe. As a hypothesis one might imagine that the boarder consists of the
membrane that is enclosing the first cell and within which even the cell division must take
place. After some cell divisions the situation becomes precarious and thus the catastrophe is
necessitates a level rise.
Of the membrane of normal bodies were to get weaker or stronger disturbances would arise
and if it should disappear no body formation at all would take place.
Among the slime molds the catastrophe occurs according to my opinions when the
nourishment of the cells has been consumed and the individual cells are unable to exceed the
boarder of the territory. By this means there is for every generation being created a
Concerning the slime molds, I have in chapter 6 made an effort to describe how the boarders
between the two phases in the process can be kept stable through reciprocal action between
them. If the gaseous barriers would be changed that would give rise to disturbances in the
process of body formation.
That the body formation would be enforced in every new generation due to some, for the
population a such, unfamiliar phenomenon, that would hence constitute a part of the answer to
the mystery of body formation. It all seems quite peculiar, almost offensive for the thought,
but I have not been able to conceive any other explanation.
Every population hence seems to have the inherent property that it in the case of an extreme
catastrophe situation and there an escape is impossible, can have the opportunity to start a
process, which in the first respect gives rise to a temporary body. This process is a necessary
first step leading to a permanent level rise, hence to the genesis of an individual on a higher
level of life and with a generation cycle.
What in a broad sense is happening during the level rise might be that the level rise first is
creating an inseparable unity of the cells and that is the prerequisite for the operation control
by the superior functions of the cells. Thereafter the superior function of the cells is forcing
the cells to surpass the boarder (the gaseous barriers and the membrane respectively).and
hence, the catastrophe situation has been set aside. That first action constitutes the beginning
of the generation cycle.
Before that the situation of the population is comparable to that of Bettelheim’s prisoners and
if the catastrophe threat in some way or another were to cease, the level rise would very likely
be interrupted and no body formation would take place.
Just the moment of overcoming the catastrophe threat might be the crucial moment. It is the
common action of the population on a higher level that is saving the situation and is
confirming the body formation.
Thereafter the cells are continuously being ruled by the superior function and they constitute
the instrument of the body.
The level rise and the overcoming of the catastrophe threat are genuine actions and not
something that depends of some “gene for a level rise” etc, and I assume that these crucial
actions do not leave any track within the DNA sequence.
The origin of life is assumed to be the hypothetic “first molecule”, the DNA molecule. It has
an important property, the reproductive ability. But only this property does not suffice. A
development into higher levels can be dependent of the inherent properties of the populations
and no such process can start by itself. There must be a catastrophe threat that does not have
any relation to the population as such. This seems to hold for at least eukaryote cells and
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