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The primary objective was to determine whether consumption of conjugated linoleic acids (…


Biology Articles » Microbiology » Food Microbiology » The effect of drinking milk containing conjugated linoleic acid on fecal microbiological profile, enzymatic activity, and fecal characteristics in humans » Tables

Tables
- The effect of drinking milk containing conjugated linoleic acid on fecal microbiological profile, enzymatic activity, and fecal characteristics in humans

 

Table 1
Milk fat content and fatty acid profile of experimental milks

Experimental Milk


CONT
NAT
SYN
Milk fat content, %
3.9
3.9
4.0
Fatty acid, % by weight



C4:0
4.99
4.44
4.07
C6:0
2.45
1.93
2.18
C8:0
1.40
1.00
1.28
C10:0
2.93
1.87
2.70
C12:0
3.31
2.09
3.02
C14:0
10.79
8.41
10.14
C14:1 cis-9
1.07
0.94
0.99
C15:0
1.17
1.00
1.07
C16:0
32.42
20.47
31.18
C16:1 cis-9
1.64
1.06
1.50
C17:0
0.58
0.47
0.52
C18:0
9.46
13.00
8.97
C18:1 trans-6 + trans-7 + trans-8
0.30
0.82
0.26
C18:1 trans-9
0.23
0.71
0.23
C18:1 trans-10
0.34
1.19
0.33
C18:1 trans-11
0.92
7.17
0.77
C18:1 trans-12
0.49
1.53
0.45




C18:1 cis-11
0.85
0.65
0.82
C18:1 cis-12
0.27
1.39
0.26
C18:1 cis-13
0.10
0.10
0.09
C18:1 trans-16 + cis-14
0.34
.066
0.30
C18:1 cis-15
0.09
0.27
0.07
C18:2 trans-11, cis-15
0.10
0.24
0.13
C18:2 cis-9, cis-12
1.87
2.23
2.04
C20:0
0.14
0.16
0.16
C18:3 cis-9, cis-12, cis-15
0.38
0.38
0.39
C18:2 cis-9, trans-11
0.42
2.92
3.28
C18:2 trans-10, cis-12
n.d.1
n.d.
3.03




1. n.d. = not detected



Table 2
Fecal microbiological profile1 of subjects at Days 0 and 56 of consuming experimental milks



Statistical Analyses



Bacteria
Day 0
Day 56
Milk Type2
Sample Day3
MT*SD4
Total Aerobes


NS
NS
NS
CONT
8.62
8.56



NAT
8.50
8.54



SYN
8.48
8.53









Total Anaerobes


NS
NS
NS
CONT
9.59
10.41



NAT
11.17
10.72



SYN
9.50
10.30









Lactobacilli


NS
***
NS
CONT
6.89
5.24



NAT
6.52
4.99



SYN
8.07
5.10









Bifidobacteria


NS
***
NS
CONT
7.07
6.44



NAT
7.06
6.23



SYN
7.00
6.25









Enterobacteria


NS
NS
NS
CONT
7.52
5.75



NAT
8.40
5.39



SYN
7.05
5.37









Entero+Strep


NS
NS
NS
CONT
7.28
4.92



NAT
6.03
4.76



SYN
6.43
5.32









Clostridia


NS
NS
NS
CONT
4.84
5.04



NAT
5.04
5.12



SYN
4.91
4.97



1. bacteria counts expressed as log CFU/g wet feces
2. difference due to milk type (CONT vs NAT vs SYN)
3. difference due to sample day (DAY 0 vs DAY 56)
4. interaction – milk type and sample day

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