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The aim of this paper is to describe industrial air and water …


Biology Articles » Toxicology » Description of industrial pollution in Spain » Table 01

Table 01
- Description of industrial pollution in Spain

Description of industrial air pollution, by pollutant and associated industrial activity (2001).

AIR POLLUTANTS
MAIN ASSOCIATED ACTIVITY1
ACTIVITY GROUP

GROUP 1: ENVIRONMENTAL THEMES

Methane
Landfills (solid waste disposal on land). Installations for the disposal of non-hazardous waste (>50 Mt/day) and landfills (>10 Mt/day)
Waste management

Carbon monoxide; Perfluorocarbons
Primary and secondary metal production (ferrous and non-ferrous) or sinter plants (metal industry and metal ore roasting or sintering installations)
Production and processing of metals

Carbon dioxide; Sulphur dioxide; Nitrogen dioxide
Combustion installations >300 MW
Energy industries

Hydrofluorocarbons
Manufacture of basic organic chemicals
Chemical industry and chemical installations

Nitrous oxide
Manufacture of basic inorganic chemicals and fertilizers
Chemical industry and chemical installations

Ammonia
Manure management. Installations for poultry (>40000), pigs (>2000) or sows (>750)
Other activities

Non-methane volatile organic compounds
Petroleum product processing (mineral oil and gas refineries)
Energy industries
     

GROUP 2: METALS AND COMPOUNDS

Arsenic; Cadmium; Nickel
Combustion installations >300 MW
Energy industries

Chromium; Copper; Lead; Zinc
Characteristic processes in the manufacture of metals (ferrous and non-ferrous) and metal product (metal industry and metal ore roasting or sintering installations)
Production and processing of metals

Mercury
Manufacture of basic inorganic chemicals and fertilizers
Chemical industry and chemical installations
     

GROUP 3: CHLORINATED ORGANIC SUBSTANCES

Dichloroethane-1,2; Tetrachloromethane
Manufacture of basic organic chemicals
Chemical industry and chemical installations

Dichloromethane; Trichloromethane
Manufacture of pharmaceutical products (solvent use)
Chemical industry and chemical installations

Hexachlorobenzene; Tetrachloroethylene
Characteristic processes in the manufacture of metals (ferrous and non-ferrous) and metal product (metal industry and metal ore roasting or sintering installations)
Production and processing of metals

Dioxins and furans
Combustion installations >300 MW
Energy industries

Trichloroethylene
Paint application (solvent use). Installations for surface treatment or products using organic solvents (>200 Mt/year)
Other activities
     

GROUP 4: OTHER ORGANIC COMPOUNDS

Benzene; Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons
Petroleum product processing (mineral oil and gas refineries)
Energy industries
     

GROUP 5: OTHER COMPOUNDS

Chlorine and inorganic compounds; Fluorine and inorganic compounds; PM10
Combustion installations >300 MW
Energy industries

Hydrogen cyanide
Characteristic processes in the manufacture of metals (ferrous and non-ferrous) and metal product (metal industry and metal ore roasting or sintering installations)
Production and processing of metals

1 Industrial activity that generates the highest emissions for each pollutant.


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