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Biology Articles » Paleobiology » Micropaleobiology » Decastronema kotori gen. nov., comb. nov.: a mat-forming cyanobacterium on Cretaceous carbonate platforms

Abstract
- Decastronema kotori gen. nov., comb. nov.: a mat-forming cyanobacterium on Cretaceous carbonate platforms

Stjepko Golubic
Biological Science Center, Boston University, 5 Cummington str., Boston, MA 02215 (USA), Tel. (617) 353-2436, Fax (617)353-2340

Rajka Radoičić
Kralja Petra 38, 11000 Beograd (Serbia & Montenegro)

Lee Seong-Joo
Department of Geology, Kyungpook National University, 1370 Sangyeok-dong, Buk-ku, Daegu, 702-701 (Korea)
Manuscript online since March 15, 2006

Abstract

The fossil renamed here was first described in 1959 as Aeolisaccus kotori Radoičić, a new species of a problematic fossil worm, Aeolisaccus Elliott. In 1975 De Castro recognized the true relationships of this microbial fossil: a cyanobacterium related closely to the modern genus Scytonema. The fossil is common in the sediments of the Mesozoic carbonate platforms of southern Europe. This contribution confirmed De Castro's interpretation, determined, using the high resolution of the SEM, the extent to which these fossils have preserved their original architecture, and investigated their presumed modern counterparts among the abundant mat-forming species of Scytonema on the intertidal flats of Andros Island, a part of the Bahama carbonate platform. The systematic affinities of the fossil and the environments it inhabited were reconstructed by comparing the morphology of the fossils to that of their modern counterparts, along with their respective sedimentary contexts. Based on these comparisons, we conclude that the organism lived in a peritidal environment and was buried and fossilized in the shallow waters of an ancient carbonate platform. A formal transfer of the fossil to a new genus of fossil cyanobacteria thereby designated as Decastronema gen. nov. is proposed, honoring the contribution of Prof. Piero De Castro to paleontology.

Key Words

Aeolisaccus kotori, Decastronema n. gen., carbonate platforms, cyanobacteria, diagenesis, microbial fossil, Cretaceous.

Golubic S., Radoičić R. & Seong-Joo L. (2006).- Decastronema kotori gen. nov., comb. nov.: a mat-forming cyanobacterium on Cretaceous carbonate platforms and its modern counterparts.- Carnets de Géologie / Notebooks on Geology, Brest, Article 2006/02 (CG2006_A02)


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