Allen RG, Pereira LS, Raes D, Smith M. 1998. Crop evapotranspiration: guidelines for computing crop water requirements. FAO Irrigation and Drainage Paper, No. 56. Rome, Italy.
Bacon MA. 2004. Water use efficiency in plant biology. In: Bacon MA, ed. Water use efficiency in plant biology. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, 1–26.
Ben-Asher J, Silberbush M. 1992. Root distribution under trickle irrigation: factors affecting distribution and comparison among methods of determination. Journal of Plant Nutrition 15, 783–794.
Boland AM, Mitchell PD, Jerie PH, Goodwin I. 1993. Effect of regulated deficit irrigation on tree water use and growth of peach. Journal of Horticulture Science 68, 261–274.
Cowan IR. 1977. Stomatal behaviour and environment. Advances in Botanical Research 4, 117–228.
Cowan IR. 1982. Water use and optimization of carbon assimilation. In: Lange OL, Nobel PS, Osmond CB, Zeigler H, eds. Physiological plant ecology, Vol. II. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 589–613.
Cowan IR. 1986. Economics of carbon fixation in higher plants. In: Givnish TJ, ed. On the economy of plant form and function. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 133–170.
Davies WJ, Wilkinson S, Loveys BR. 2001. Stomatal control by chemical signalling and the exploitation of this mechanism to increase water use efficiency in agriculture. New Phytologist 153, 449–460.
Davies WJ, Zhang J. 1991. Root signals and the regulation of growth and development of plants in drying soil. Annual Review of Plant Physiology and Plant Molecular Biology 42, 55–76.
Dry PR, Loveys BR. 1998. Factors influencing grapevine vigour and the potential for control with partial rootzone drying. Australian Journal of Grape and Wine Research 4, 140–148.
Dry PR, Loveys BR. 1999. Grapevine shoot growth and stomatal conductance are reduced when part of the root system is dried. Vitis 38, 151–156.
Dry PR, Loveys BR. 2000a. Partial drying of the rootzone of grape. I. Transient changes in shoot growth and gas exchange. Vitis 39, 3–7.
Dry PR, Loveys BR. 2000b. Partial drying of the rootzone of grape. II. Changes in the pattern of root development. Vitis 39, 9–12.
Dry PR, Loveys BR, Stoll M, Stewart D, McCarthy MG. 2000. Partial rootzone drying – an update. Australia Grapegrower and Winemaker 438a, 35–39.
Farquhar GD, Sharkey TD. 1982. Stomatal conductance and photosynthesis. Annual Review of Plant Physiology 7, 315–345.
Fuller P. 1997. Less water, more grapes, better quality, an ecological breakthrough in viticultural science. Journal of Wine Industry 12, 155–157.
Gallardo M, Turner NC, Ludwig C. 1994. Water relations, gas exchange and abscisic acid content of Lupinus cosentinii leaves in response to drying different proportions of the root system. Journal of Experimental Botany 45, 909–918.
Gong DZ, Wang JP, Kang SZ. 2001. Variation of root and trunk sap flow rate under different soil water wetting patterns. Transactions of Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineers 17(4), 34–38. (in Chinese)
Goodwin I, Jerie P. 1992. Regulated deficit irrigation: from concept to practice. The Australian and New Zealand Wine Industry Journal 5, 131–133.
Green SR, Clothier BE. 1995. Root water uptake by kiwifruit vines following partial wetting of the root zone. Plant and Soil 173, 317–328.
Green SR, Clothier BE. 1999. The root zone dynamics of water uptake by a mature apple tree. Plant and Soil 206, 61–77.
Green SR, Clothier BE, McLeod DJ. 1997. The response of water flow in apple roots to localised irrigation. Agricultural Water Management 33, 63–78.
Gu SL, David Z, Simon G, Greg J. 2000. Effect of partial rootzone drying on vine water relations, vegetative growth, mineral nutrition, yield, and fruit quality in field-grown mature sauvignon blanc grapevines. Research Notes, #000702. Fresno: California Agricultural Technology Institute, California State University.
Han YL, Kang SZ. 2002. Effects of the controlled partial rootzone irrigation on root nutrition uptake of maize (Zea mays). Transactions of Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineers 18(1), 57–59. (in Chinese)
Huang B, Nobel PS. 1992. Hydraulic conductivity and anatomy for lateral roots of Agave deserti during root growth and drought-induced abscission. Journal of Experimental Botany 43, 1441–1449.
Jarvis PG. 1981. Stomatal conductance, gaseous exchange and transpiration. In: Grace J, Ford ED, Jarvis PG, eds. Plants and their atmospheric environment. Oxford: Blackwell, 175–204.
Jarvis PG. 1985. Transpiration and assimilation of tree and agricultural crops: the "omega" factor. In: Cannell MGR, Jackson JE, eds. Attributes of trees and crop plants. Abbots Ripton, UK: Institute of Terrestrial Ecology.
Jarvis PG, McNaughton KG. 1986. Stomatal control of transpiration: scaling up from leaf to region. Advances in Ecology Research 15, 1–49.
Jones HG. 1980. Interaction and integration of adaptive responses to water stress: the implications of an unpredictable environment. In: Turner NC, Kramer PJ, eds. Adaptation of plants to water and high temperature stress. New York: Wiley, 353–365.
Jones HG. 1992. Plants and microclimate: a quantitative approach to environmental plant physiology, 2nd edn. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Kang SZ, Cai HJ. (eds) 2002. Theory and practice of the controlled alternate partial rootzone irrigation and regulated deficit irrigation. Beijing: China Agricultural Press. (in Chinese)
Kang SZ, Hu XT, Du TS, Zhang J, Jirie P. 2003. Transpiration coefficient and ratio of transpiration to evapotranspiration of pear tree (Pyrus communis L) under alternative partial rootzone drying condition. Hydrological Processes 17, 1165–1176.
Kang SZ, Hu XT, Goodwin I, Jirie P, Zhang J. 2002a. Soil water distribution, water use and yield response to partial rootzone drying under flood-irrigation condition in a pear orchard. Scientia Horticulturae 92, 277–291.
Kang SZ, Li ZJ, Hu XT, Jirie P, Zhang L. 2001a. An improved water use efficiency for hot pepper grown under controlled alternate drip irrigation on partial roots. Scientia Horticulturae 89, 257–267.
Kang SZ, Liang ZS, Hu W, Zhang J. 1998. Water use efficiency of controlled alternate irrigation on root-divided maize plants. Agricultural Water Management 38, 69–76.
Kang SZ, Liang ZS, Pan YH, Shi PZ, Zhang J. 2000a. Alternate furrow irrigation for maize production in arid areas. Agricultural Water Management 45, 267–274.
Kang SZ, Pan YH, Hu XT, Shi PZ, Zhang J. 2000b. Soil water distribution, uniformity and water-use efficiency under alternate furrow irrigation in arid areas. Irrigation Science 19, 181–190.
Kang SZ, Shi WJ, Cao HX, Zhang J. 2002b. Alternate watering in soil vertical profile improved water use efficiency of maize (Zea mays). Field Crops Research 77, 31–41.
Kang SZ, Shi WJ, Zhang J. 2000c. An improved water use efficiency for maize grown under regulated deficit irrigation. Field Crops Research 67, 207–214.
Kang SZ, Zhang J. 1997. Hydraulic conductivities in soil-root system and relative importance at different soil water potential and temperature. Transactions of Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineers 13(2), 76–81. (in Chinese)
Kang SZ, Zhang J, Liang J. 1999. Combined effects of soil water content and temperature on plant root hydraulic conductivity. Acta Phytoecologica Sinica 23, 211–219. (in Chinese)
Kang SZ, Zhang L, Liang Y, Cai HJ. 2002c. Effects of limited irrigation on yield and water use efficiency of winter wheat in the Loess Plateau of China. Agricultural Water Management 55, 203–216.
Kang SZ, Zhang J, Liang ZS, Hu XT, Cai HJ. 1997. Controlled alternate partial rootzone irrigation: a new approach for water saving regulation in farmland. Agricultural Research in Arid and Semiarid Areas 15(1), 1–6. (in Chinese)
Kang SZ, Zhang J, Shi PZ, Peter J. 2001b. Principle and practice of the controlled alternate partial rootzone irrigation. Journal of Hydraulic Engineering 11, 80–86. (in Chinese)
Land and Water Australia. 2002. PRD gives us the opportunity to take advantage of natural phenomenon by altering the watering regime, reducing the amount of water applied without compromising yield or quality. Water Wheel 16, 8–9.
Li D, Zhang J. 1994. Effect of upper soil drying on water use efficiency of maize plants (Zea mays). Acta Phytobiologica Sinica 4(2), 19–25. (in Chinese)
Liang J, Zhang J, Wong MH. 1996a. Stomatal conductance in relation to xylem sap ABA concentrations in two tropical trees, Acacia confusa and Litsea glutinosa. Plant, Cell and Environment 19, 93–100.
Liang J, Zhang J, Wong MH. 1996b. Effects of air-filled soil porosity and aeration on the initiation and growth of secondary roots of maize (Zea mays). Plant and Soil 186, 245–254.
Liang J, Zhang J, Wong MH. 1997. Can stomatal closure caused by xylem ABA explain the inhibition of leaf photosynthesis under soil drying? Photosynthesis Research 51, 149–159.
Liang ZS, Kang SZ, Hu W, Zhang J. 1997. Water-saving effects of the controlled alternate partial rootzone irrigation. Transaction of Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineers 13(4), 58–63. (in Chinese)
Liang ZS, Kang SZ, Zhang J, Gao JF. 1998. Impacts of the controlled alternate partial rootzone irrigation on improving maize water use efficiency and its water-saving effect. Chinese Agricultural Science 31(5), 88–90. (in Chinese)
Loveys BR, Grant J, Dry PR, McCarthy MG. 1997. Progress in the development of partial rootzone drying. The Australian Grapegrower and Winemaker 403, 18–20.
Loveys BR, Stoll M, Davies WJ. 2004. Physiological approaches to enhance water use efficiency in agriculture: exploiting plant signalling in novel irrigation practice. In: Bacon MA, ed. Water use efficiency in plant biology. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, 113–141.
Loveys BR, Stoll M, Dry PR, McCarthy MG. 1998. Partial rootzone drying stimulates stress responses in grapevine to improve water use efficiency while maintaining crop yield and quality. The Australian Grapegrower and Winemaker 404a, 108–113.
Neales TF, Masia A, Zhang J, Davies WJ. 1989. The effects of partially drying part of the root system of Helianthus annuus on the abscisic acid content of the roots, xylem sap and leaves. Journal of Experimental Botany 40, 1113–1120.
North GB, Nobel PS. 1991. Changes in hydraulic conductivity and anatomy caused by drying and rewetting roots of Agave deserti (Agavaceae). American Journal of Botany 78, 906–915.
Poni S, Tagliavini M, Neri D, Scudellari D, Toselli M. 1992. Influence of root pruning and water stress on growth and physiological factors of potted apple, grape, peach and pear trees. Scientia Horticulturae 52, 223–226.
Shi WJ, Kang SZ. 2000. Mechanisms and effects of the controlled alternate partial rootzone irrigation in soil vertical profile for water-saving. Transaction of Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineers 16(5), 11–15. (in Chinese)
Skinner RH, Hanson JD, Benjamin JG. 1998. Root distribution following spatial separation of water and nitrogen supply in furrow irrigated corn. Plant and Soil 199, 187–194.
Stoll M, Loveys BR, Dry P. 2000. Hormonal changes induced by partial rootzone drying of irrigated grapevine. Journal of Experimental Botany 51, 1627–1634.
Wilkinson S, Davies WJ. 1997. Xylem sap pH increase: a drought signal received at the apoplastic face of the guard cell which involves the suppression of the saturable ABA uptake by the epidermal symplast. Plant Physiology 113, 559–573..
Wraith JM, Baker JM, Blake TK. 1995. Barley genotypes vary in the ability to rapidly resume water uptake after drought. Journal of Experimental Botany 46, 873–880.
Yang J, Zhang J, Huang Z, Wang Z, Zhu Q, Liu L. 2001. Water deficit-induced senescence and its relationship to the remobilization of pre-stored carbon in wheat during grain filling period. Agronomy Journal 93, 196–206.
Yang J, Zhang J, Huang Z, Zhu Q, Wang L. 2000. Remobilization of carbon reserves is improved by controlled soil-drying during grain filling of wheat. Crop Science 40, 1645–1655.
Zhang J, Davies WJ. 1989a. Abscisic acid produced in dehydrating roots may enable the plant to measure the water status of the soil. Plant, Cell and Environment 12, 73–81.
Zhang J, Davies WJ. 1989b. Sequential responses of whole plant water relations towards prolonged soil drying and the mediation by xylem sap ABA concentrations in the regulation of stomatal behaviour of sunflower plants. New Phytologist 113, 167–174.
Zhang J, Davies WJ. 1990a. Changes in the concentration of ABA in xylem sap as a function of changing soil water status will account for changes in leaf conductance. Plant, Cell and Environment 13, 277–285.
Zhang J, Davies WJ. 1990b. Does ABA in the xylem control the rate of leaf growth in soil-dried maize and sunflower plants. Journal of Experimental Botany 41, 1125–1132.
Zhang J, Schurr U, Davies WJ. 1987. Control of stomatal behaviour by abscisic acid which apparently originates in roots. Journal of Experimental Botany 38, 1174–1181.
Zhang J, Sui X, Li B, Su B, Li J, Zhou D. 1998. An improved water-use efficiency for winter wheat grown under reduced irrigation. Field Crop Research 59, 91–98.