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Metabolic Syndrome represents a constellation of markers that indicates a predisposition to …


Biology Articles » Biochemistry » Carbohydrate Biochemistry » Carbohydrate restriction improves the features of Metabolic Syndrome. Metabolic Syndrome may be defined by the response to carbohydrate restriction » Abbreviations

Abbreviations
- Carbohydrate restriction improves the features of Metabolic Syndrome. Metabolic Syndrome may be defined by the response to carbohydrate restriction

Abbreviations

Adult Treatment Panel (ATP III), American Diabetes Association (ADA), American Heart Association (AHA), Average American diet (AAD), carbohydrate (CHO), low fat (LF), Metabolic Syndrome (MetS), National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP), triacylglycerol (TAG), World Health Organization (WHO)

Competing interests

The author(s) declare that they have no competing interests.

Note

Table 2 - Effect of carbohydrate restriction on markers for Metabolic Syndrome (See Table 2)

Data shown in bold indicate improvement in marker, plain, worsening. References:1. [97]; 2. [24]; 3. [98]; 4. [99]; 5. [100]; 6. [101]; 7. [42]; 8. [102]; 9. [103]; 10. [104]; 11. [74]; 12. [105]; 13. [23].

Table 3 - Effect of carbohydrate restriction on markers for Metabolic Syndrome under conditions of constant body mass (See Table 3)

Data shown in bold indicate low CHO shows greater improvement in markers for MetS than LF; plain, LF is better. Table reference 3 shows the ratio of low CHO to LF. References: 1. [42]; 2. [43]; 3. [44].

Table 4 - Comparison of low CHO vs. LF diets on markers for Metabolic Syndrome (See Table 4)

Data shown in bold indicate low CHO (or mod-PROT) shows greater improvement in marker than LF; plain, LF is better. Experiment in reference [106] was carried out for a longer time period but diets became very similar. References:1. [107]; 2. [113]; 3. [46]; 4. [45]; 5. [108]; 6. [72]; 7. [109]; 8. [110]; 9. [111]; 10. [112]; 11. [73]; 12. [75]; 13. [59]; 14. [106].

Table 6 - Outcomes of the Delta-1 study (See Table 6)

Data from reference [64]. bold indicates improvement in the parameter from Step 1 or low Saturated Fat diet compared to AAD; plain indicates worsening of parameter compared to AAD.


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