Building with Nature (Ecological Principles in Building Design)
Akubue Jideofor Anselm
School of Architecture and Urban planning, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China, 430074.
The main objective here is to confer ideas aimed at creating environmentally friendly, energy efficient buildings, developed by effectively managing natural resources. This entails passively and actively harnessing solar energy and using materials, which, in their manufacture, application and disposal, do the least possible to nature's 'free resources'; water, ground and air. This study provides ideas on the effective management of nature in building design and the process of integration with nature. Such ideas as ecological replacement scheme or ecology integration using traditional concepts of natural landform integration, natural orientation and effective methods of harnessing the climatic resources like the sun and winds and a breakdown on the modes of building material selection and application to suit geographical and climatic conditions are among the issues discussed in this study. The major emphasis here is to utilize these natural resources integrated effectively in design and building in order to achieve sustainabiligy, energy efficiency, and most importantly an ecological and healthy living environment devoid of waste and with minimized environmental pollution.
Key words: Ecological design, sustainable design, resource efficient desing, energy efficient design, building design
Journal of Applied Sciences 6(4):958-963, 2006. Open Access Article.