Bread wheat varieties as influenced by different nitrogen levels
Iqtidar Hussain,† Muhammad Ayyaz Khan, and Ejaz Ahmad Khan
Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Gomal University, Dera Ismail Khan NWFP, Pakistan
Experiment was conducted to determine the effect of different nitrogen levels on four bread wheat varieties (Triticum aestivum L.) viz. Inqilab-91, Daman-98, Dera-98 and Punjab-96 at Gomal University, Dera Ismail Khan (NWFP), Pakistan during 2000~2001. The experiment was laid out in split plot design having four replications using a net plot size of 2 m×5 m. Nitrogen doses used were 0, 50, 100, 150 and 200 kg/ha. The results showed that different nitrogen levels had significant effects on plant height, total number of plants/m2, number of grains/spike, number of spike/m2, spike weight, biological yield, grain yield and grain protein content. Maximum plant height, total number of plants/m2, number of spikes/m2, spike weight, biological yield and grain protein content were observed at 200 kg N/ha. Among wheat varieties Daman-98 had maximum plant height, spike weight, grains/spike, 1000-grain weight, biological yield and grain yield. Inqilab-91 had heavier grains and the most grain protein content, while Dera-98 had the maximum plant population and spikes/m2. Grain yield and biological yield were statistically similar at doses of 150 kg N/ha and 200 kg N/ha. However, dose of 200 kg N/ha, compared to dose of 150 Kg N/ha, significantly increased the protein content.
Keywords: Wheat, Nitrogen, Grain yield, Protein
J Zhejiang Univ Sci B. 2006 January; 7(1): 70–78.