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Global challenges raised by biomedical advances require global responses.
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- Biomedicine and international human rights law: in search of a global consensus
The human rights strategy adopted by recent international legal
instruments relating to biomedicine seems to be the most appropriate
way to manage bioethical issues from a global perspective. Certainly,
the search for a global consensus in this area is not free from
difficulties, especially because it would be impossible, and indeed
unfair, to impose a monolithic, detailed legal framework on societies
with different sociocultural and religious backgrounds. This is why the
harmonization of principles about biomedical activities must focus on
some basic rules. This enterprise seems to be feasible because
international law presupposes a hard core of universal human rights.
The major challenge today, therefore, is to identify, through a
constructive, intercultural dialogue, the universal principles that are
relevant to biomedical activities. The current international efforts
oriented towards the prevention of human reproductive cloning and
germ-line interventions show that new common standards, which take into
account not only the interests of present individuals but also those of
future generations, are already emerging in this area.
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