Biomedicine and international human rights law: in search of a global consensus
Bull World Health Organ vol.80 no.12 Genebra 2002
ABSTRACT: Global challenges raised by biomedical advances require global responses. Some international organizations have made significant efforts over the last few years to establish common standards that can be regarded as the beginning of an international biomedical law. One of the main features of this new legal discipline is the integration of its principles into a human rights framework. This strategy seems the most appropriate, given the role of "universal ethics" that human rights play in our world of philosophical pluralism. In addition to the general standards that are gradually being established, a widespread consensus exists on the urgency of preventing two specific procedures: human germ-line interventions and human reproductive cloning.
Keywords: Bioethical issues; International law; Treaties; Human rights; Gene therapy/ethics; Germ cells; Cloning, Organism/ethics; Consensus (source: MeSH, NLM).