During the past six years, 51 crops enhanced via biotechnology have been accepted for commercialization by US regulatory agencies. Almost all these crops were developed to provide pest protection or herbicide tolerance to crops grown primarily in the countries of the developed world. However, we are already seeing examples of crops genetically modified to improve yields of crops grown in the developing world as well as to improve the nutritional content of crops grown in all areas of the world. Other anticipated benefits to consumers include reduced allergenicity of foods as well as expression of high value proteins in foods. The introduction of such new products will require the development of new policies and procedures to assure their safe and appropriate introduction into the marketplace.