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The most abundant family of insect cuticular proteins, the CPR family, is …

Home » Biology Articles » Zoology » Entomology » Annotation and analysis of a large cuticular protein family with the R&R Consensus in Anopheles gambiae » List of abbreviations used

List of abbreviations used
- Annotation and analysis of a large cuticular protein family with the R&R Consensus in Anopheles gambiae

CPR, cuticular protein(s) with the R&R Consensus; DPE, downstream promoter element; EST, expressed sequence tag; INR, initiator element; Ka/Ks, ratio of nonsynonymous to synonymous substitutions; PCA, principal components analysis; qPCR, quantitative polymerase chain reaction with DNA template; qRT-PCR, quantitative reverse transcriptase PCR; RACE, rapid amplification of cDNA ends; R&R Consensus, Rebers and Riddiford Consensus; RR-1, RR-2, two classes of CPR proteins; UTR, untranslated region of an mRNA; SLAC, single-likely-ancestor counting method.

Authors' contributions

All of the authors contributed to the annotation. RSC and JHW wrote the manuscript; TT directed the experimental work on gene verification aided by ACE; RSC carried out the phylogenetic and other sequence analyses; WAD implemented data management. NH contributed unpublished data on proteomics. The project was conceived and coordinated by JHW. All authors have read and approved the final version of this manuscript.


The authors appreciate the help Maureen E. Hillenmeyer and Frank Collins (Notre Dame) provided with the initial stages of annotation and thank Kathryn Cambell (FlyBase) for input on the genes on 2L. Christos Louis (Institute of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, Crete) gave guidance on naming genes, and Martin Hammond provided help with moving data to ENSEMBL. Nora Besansky (Notre Dame) shared insight into the importance of the 2La inversion. Hugh Robertson (Univ. of Illinois) provided helpful comments on an early draft of the MS. This work was supported by a grant from the National Institutes of Health (AI55624) to JHW.

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